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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
E-pub ahead of print

Changes in Patient Satisfaction Following Total Joint Arthroplasty

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BACKGROUND: The primary aim is to identify the degree to which patient satisfaction with the outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) changes between 1 and 3 years from the procedure. The secondary aim is to identify variables associated with satisfaction.

METHODS: Data were sourced from 2 prospective international, multicenter studies (919 THA and 450 TKA patients). Satisfaction was assessed by a 10-point numerical rating scale, at 1- and 3-year follow-up. Linear mixed-effects models were used to assess factors associated with satisfaction.

RESULTS: For the THA cohort, higher preoperative joint space width (odds ratio [OR] = 0.28; P = .004), pain from other joints (OR = 0.26; P = .033), and lower preoperative health state (OR = -0.02; P < .001) were associated with consistently lower levels of satisfaction. The model also showed that patients with preoperative anxiety/depression improved in satisfaction between 1 and 3 years (OR = -0.26; P = .031). For the TKA cohort, anterior (vs neutral or posterior) tibial component slope (OR = 0.90; P = .008), greater femoral component valgus angle (OR = 0.05; P = .012), less severe osteoarthritis (OR = -0.10; P < .001), and lower preoperative health state (OR = -0.02; P = .003) were associated with lower levels of satisfaction across the study period. In addition, patients with anterior tibial component slope improved in satisfaction level over time (OR = -0.33; P = .022).

CONCLUSION: Changes in satisfaction following THA and TKA are rare between 1- and 3-year follow-up. The findings of this study can be used to guide patient counseling preoperatively and to determine intervals of routine follow-up postoperatively.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of arthroplasty
ISSN0883-5403
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Aug 2019

ID: 57916930