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Changes in Coronary Plaque Composition in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Treated With High-Intensity Statin Therapy (IBIS-4): A Serial Optical Coherence Tomography Study

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  • Lorenz Räber
  • Konstantinos C Koskinas
  • Kyohei Yamaji
  • Masanori Taniwaki
  • Marco Roffi
  • Lene Holmvang
  • Hector M Garcia Garcia
  • Thomas Zanchin
  • Rafaela Maldonado
  • Aris Moschovitis
  • Giovanni Pedrazzini
  • Serge Zaugg
  • Jouke Dijkstra
  • Christian M Matter
  • Patrick W Serruys
  • Thomas F Lüscher
  • Henning Kelbaek
  • Alexios Karagiannis
  • Maria D Radu
  • Stephan Windecker
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OBJECTIVES: This study assessed changes in optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined plaque composition in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) receiving high-intensity statin treatment.

BACKGROUND: OCT is a high-resolution modality capable of measuring plaque characteristics including fibrous cap thickness (FCT) and macrophage infiltration. There is limited in vivo evidence regarding the effects of statins on OCT-defined coronary atheroma composition and no evidence in the context of STEMI.

METHODS: In the IBIS-4 (Integrated Biomarker Imaging Study-4), 103 patients underwent intravascular ultrasonography and OCT of 2 noninfarct-related coronary arteries in the acute phase of STEMI. Patients were treated with high-dose rosuvastatin for 13 months. Serial OCT imaging was available in 153 arteries from 83 patients. We measured FCT by using a semi-automated method. Co-primary endpoints consisted of the change in minimum FCT (measured in fibroatheromas) and change in macrophage line arc.

RESULTS: At 13 months, median low-density lipoprotein cholesterol had decreased from 128 mg/dl to 73.6 mg/dl. Minimum FCT, measured in 31 lesions from 27 patients, increased from 64.9 ± 19.9 μm to 87.9 ± 38.1 μm (p = 0.008). Macrophage line arc decreased from 9.6° ± 12.8° to 6.4° ± 9.6° (p < 0.0001). The secondary endpoint, mean lipid arc, decreased from 55.9° ± 37° to 43.5° ± 33.5°. In lesion-level analyses (n = 191), 9 of 13 thin-cap fibroatheromata (TCFAs) at baseline (69.2%) regressed to non-TCFA morphology, whereas 2 of 178 non-TCFA lesions (1.1%) progressed to TCFAs.

CONCLUSIONS: In this observational study, we found significant increase in minimum FCT, reduction in macrophage accumulation, and frequent regression of TCFAs to other plaque phenotypes in nonculprit lesions of patients with STEMI treated with high-intensity statin therapy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJACC. Cardiovascular imaging
Volume12
Issue number8 Pt 1
Pages (from-to)1518-1528
Number of pages11
ISSN1936-6574
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2019 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, optical coherence tomography, plaque composition, statin

ID: 56431366