Causes of prolonged hospitalization after open incisional hernia repair: an observational single-center retrospective study of a prospective database

D M Skovgaards, H M H Diab, H G Midtgaard, L N Jørgensen, K K Jensen

Abstract

PURPOSE: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a well-known approach to optimize the recovery after surgery. Little is known about specific causes of prolonged hospitalization despite enhanced recovery after open incisional hernia repair (OIHR). The purpose of this study was to identify the causes of continued hospitalization on each of the first 5 postoperative days (PODs) after OIHR.

METHODS: This was a retrospective study of consecutive patients undergoing open AWR at a regional academic hernia center from 2008 to 2018. Patient charts were evaluated using predefined potential causes of continued hospitalization on each of the first five PODs.

RESULTS: A total of 388 patients (mean age 60.9 years, 54.6% male, mean BMI 27.9 kg/m2) were included in the study. Mesh placement was either preperitoneal/intraperitoneal (20%) or retromuscular (80%) and 61% of the patients had an epidural catheter. The median length of stay (LOS) in the cohort was four [IQR 2-6] days. On PODs 4 and 5, causes of continued hospital stay were absent bowel function (2% on POD 4, 1% on POD 5), pain (7% on POD 3, 2% on POD 4), lack of mobilization (1% on POD 4, 1% on POD 5), and other causes (urinary retention, high drain output, and complications to the surgery).

CONCLUSION: Causes for prolonged hospitalization after OIHR were possibly reducible. Future efforts to improve the ERAS regime and reduce LOS after OIHR should focus on pain treatment- and prevention, alternatives to epidural treatment, and well-defined, evidence-based discharge criteria.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHernia : the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery
Volume25
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1027-1034
Number of pages8
ISSN1265-4906
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Female
  • Hernia, Ventral/surgery
  • Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Incisional Hernia/surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgical Mesh

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