Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
E-pub ahead of print

Causes of death among 93.637 hip fracture patients- data based on the Danish National Registry of causes of death

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is associated with 30-day mortality in hip fracture patients

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Mortality among hip fracture patients infected with COVID-19 perioperatively

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

  3. Mortality after abdominal emergency surgery in nonagenarians

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Wound complications after ankle surgery. Does compression treatment work? A randomized, controlled trial

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  5. 30-Day, 90-day and 1-year mortality after emergency colonic surgery

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Decreased plasma lipid levels in a statin-free Danish primary health care cohort between 2001 and 2018

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. The Circadian Clock Is Sustained in the Thyroid Gland of VIP Receptor 2 Deficient Mice

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is associated with 30-day mortality in hip fracture patients

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. The Association of Low Vitamin K Status with Mortality in a Cohort of 138 Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  5. Mortality among hip fracture patients infected with COVID-19 perioperatively

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

PURPOSE: Excess mortality among hip fracture patients is well documented. Less is known, however, about the causes of death in this group of patients, although existing literature suggests that bronchopneumonia and cardiovascular diseases constitute the leading causes of death. In this study, we investigated the causes of death in Danish hip fracture patients, who died within 30-days after sustaining a hip fracture, with a focus on differences in causes of death between men and women and between different age groups. Furthermore, the frequency of potentially preventable causes of death such as pneumonia, urinary tract infections and thromboembolic events was examined.

METHODS: All Danish patients aged 18 or more suffering from a hip fracture in the period 2002-2012 were examined for inclusion into the study. Data were collected from the Danish National Patient registry. The last month of 2012 being December was left out since we were looking at 30-days mortality. Logistic regression analysis was used to test the association between 30-day mortality with each of the causes of death adjusted for age, sex and CCI in multivariable models with results presented as odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals.

RESULTS: During this period, 93,637 patients sustained a hip fracture. Of these, 9504 patients died within 30-days and were included in the study. For patients dead within 30-days after sustaining a hip fracture, the two leading medical causes of death were cardiovascular disease (21.1%) and pneumonia (10.5%) when looking at both genders. A frequent cause of death especially in the younger age group of women less than 50 years old were infections (other than pneumonia) (18.2%) especially urinary tract infections. Pulmonary embolism accounted for 3.9% of causes of deaths in hip fracture patients.

CONCLUSION: In this study, cardiovascular disease and pneumonia were overall the leading medical causes of death in patients dead within 30-days after sustaining a hip fracture. Apart from pneumonia, another potentially preventable infection in younger female hip fracture patients was urinary tract infections. Pulmonary embolism, another potentially preventable cause of death might be underreported in Danish death certificates.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean journal of trauma and emergency surgery : official publication of the European Trauma Society
ISSN1863-9933
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021. Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

    Research areas

  • Causes of death, Comorbidities, Hip fractures, Mortality

ID: 67995530