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Carotid baroreflex function at the onset of cycling in men

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Arterial baroreflex function is important for blood pressure control during exercise, but its contribution to cardiovascular adjustments at the onset of cycling exercise remains unclear. Fifteen healthy male subjects (24 ± 1 yr) performed 45-s trials of low- and moderate-intensity cycling, with carotid baroreceptor stimulation by neck suction at -60 Torr applied 0-5, 10-15, and 30-35 s after the onset of exercise. Cardiovascular responses to neck suction during cycling were compared with those obtained at rest. An attenuated reflex decrease in heart rate following neck suction was detected during moderate-intensity exercise, compared with the response at rest (P < 0.05). Furthermore, compared with the reflex decrease in blood pressure elicited at rest, neck suction elicited an augmented decrease in blood pressure at 0-5 and 10-15 s during low-intensity exercise and in all periods during moderate-intensity exercise (P < 0.05). The reflex depressor response at the onset of cycling was primarily mediated by an increase in the total vascular conductance. These findings evidence altered carotid baroreflex function during the first 35 s of cycling compared with rest, with attenuated bradycardic response, and augmented depressor response to carotid baroreceptor stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume311
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)R870-R878
ISSN0363-6119
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

ID: 49812523