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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Cardiac arrhythmias in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019: a retrospective population-based cohort study

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Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may be associated with cardiac arrhythmias in hospitalized patients, but data from the ICU setting are limited. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of cardiac arrhythmias in ICU patients with COVID-19. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective cohort study including all ICU patients with an airway sample positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome corona-virus 2 from March 1st to June 1st in the Capital Region of Denmark (1.8 million inhabitants). We registered cardiac arrhythmias in ICU, potential risk factors, interventions used in ICU and outcomes. Results: From the seven ICUs we included 155 patients with COVID-19. The incidence of cardiac arrhythmias in the ICU was 57/155 (37%, 95% confidence interval 30-45), and 39/57 (68%) of these patients had this as new-onset arrhythmia. Previous history of tachyarrhythmias and higher disease severity at ICU admission were associated with cardiac arrhythmias in the adjusted analysis. Fifty-four of the 57 (95%) patients had supraventricular origin of the arrhythmia, 39/57 (68%) received at least one intervention against arrhythmia (eg amiodarone, IV fluid or magnesium) and 38/57 (67%) had recurrent episodes of arrhythmia in ICU. Patients with arrhythmias in ICU had higher 60-day mortality (63%) as compared to those without arrhythmias (39%). Conclusion: New-onset supraventricular arrhythmias were frequent in ICU patients with COVID-19 and were related to previous history of tachyarrhythmias and severity of the acute disease. The mortality was high in these patients despite the frequent use of interventions against arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume65
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)770-777
Number of pages8
ISSN0001-5172
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Aged, Arrhythmias, Cardiac/epidemiology, COVID-19/complications, Comorbidity, Critical Illness, Denmark/epidemiology, Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology, Disease Susceptibility, Female, Hospital Mortality, Humans, Hypertension/epidemiology, Incidence, Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data, Male, Middle Aged, Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology, Recurrence, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, SARS-CoV-2

ID: 64081580