Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Cannabis use in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury in Denmark

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Andresen, Sven R ; Biering-Sørensen, Fin ; Hagen, Ellen Merete ; Nielsen, Jørgen F ; Bach, Flemming W ; Finnerup, Nanna B. / Cannabis use in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury in Denmark. In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 49, No. 2. pp. 152-160.

Bibtex

@article{a8819df9d43a4802bbe6667cb6748695,
title = "Cannabis use in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury in Denmark",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recreational and medical cannabis use in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury, including reasons and predictors for use, perceived benefits and negative consequences.DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey in Denmark.METHODS: A 35-item questionnaire was sent to 1,101 patients with spinal cord injury who had been in contact with a rehabilitation centre between 1990 and 2012.RESULTS: A total of 537 participants completed the questionnaire. Of these, 36{\%} had tried cannabis at least once and 9{\%} were current users. Of current users, 79{\%} had started to use cannabis before their spinal cord injury. The main reason for use was pleasure, but 65{\%} used cannabis partly for spinal cord injury-related consequences and 59{\%} reported at least good effect on pain and spasticity. Negative consequences of use were primarily inertia and feeling quiet/subdued. Lower age, living in rural areas/larger cities, tobacco-smoking, high alcohol intake and higher muscle stiffness were significantly associated with cannabis use. Those who had never tried cannabis reported that they would mainly use cannabis to alleviate pain and spasticity if it were legalized.CONCLUSION: Cannabis use is more frequent among individuals with spinal cord injury in Denmark than among the general population. High muscle stiffness and various demographic characteristics (lower age, living in rural areas/larger cities, tobacco-smoking and high alcohol intake) were associated with cannabis use. Most participants had started using cannabis before their spinal cord injury. There was considerable overlap between recreational and disability-related use.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cannabis, Cross-Sectional Studies, Denmark, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Pain, Spinal Cord Injuries, Surveys and Questionnaires, Young Adult, Journal Article",
author = "Andresen, {Sven R} and Fin Biering-S{\o}rensen and Hagen, {Ellen Merete} and Nielsen, {J{\o}rgen F} and Bach, {Flemming W} and Finnerup, {Nanna B}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "31",
doi = "10.2340/16501977-2105",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "152--160",
journal = "Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine",
issn = "1650-1977",
publisher = "Stiftelsen Rehabiliteringsinformation",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cannabis use in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury in Denmark

AU - Andresen, Sven R

AU - Biering-Sørensen, Fin

AU - Hagen, Ellen Merete

AU - Nielsen, Jørgen F

AU - Bach, Flemming W

AU - Finnerup, Nanna B

PY - 2017/1/31

Y1 - 2017/1/31

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recreational and medical cannabis use in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury, including reasons and predictors for use, perceived benefits and negative consequences.DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey in Denmark.METHODS: A 35-item questionnaire was sent to 1,101 patients with spinal cord injury who had been in contact with a rehabilitation centre between 1990 and 2012.RESULTS: A total of 537 participants completed the questionnaire. Of these, 36% had tried cannabis at least once and 9% were current users. Of current users, 79% had started to use cannabis before their spinal cord injury. The main reason for use was pleasure, but 65% used cannabis partly for spinal cord injury-related consequences and 59% reported at least good effect on pain and spasticity. Negative consequences of use were primarily inertia and feeling quiet/subdued. Lower age, living in rural areas/larger cities, tobacco-smoking, high alcohol intake and higher muscle stiffness were significantly associated with cannabis use. Those who had never tried cannabis reported that they would mainly use cannabis to alleviate pain and spasticity if it were legalized.CONCLUSION: Cannabis use is more frequent among individuals with spinal cord injury in Denmark than among the general population. High muscle stiffness and various demographic characteristics (lower age, living in rural areas/larger cities, tobacco-smoking and high alcohol intake) were associated with cannabis use. Most participants had started using cannabis before their spinal cord injury. There was considerable overlap between recreational and disability-related use.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recreational and medical cannabis use in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury, including reasons and predictors for use, perceived benefits and negative consequences.DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey in Denmark.METHODS: A 35-item questionnaire was sent to 1,101 patients with spinal cord injury who had been in contact with a rehabilitation centre between 1990 and 2012.RESULTS: A total of 537 participants completed the questionnaire. Of these, 36% had tried cannabis at least once and 9% were current users. Of current users, 79% had started to use cannabis before their spinal cord injury. The main reason for use was pleasure, but 65% used cannabis partly for spinal cord injury-related consequences and 59% reported at least good effect on pain and spasticity. Negative consequences of use were primarily inertia and feeling quiet/subdued. Lower age, living in rural areas/larger cities, tobacco-smoking, high alcohol intake and higher muscle stiffness were significantly associated with cannabis use. Those who had never tried cannabis reported that they would mainly use cannabis to alleviate pain and spasticity if it were legalized.CONCLUSION: Cannabis use is more frequent among individuals with spinal cord injury in Denmark than among the general population. High muscle stiffness and various demographic characteristics (lower age, living in rural areas/larger cities, tobacco-smoking and high alcohol intake) were associated with cannabis use. Most participants had started using cannabis before their spinal cord injury. There was considerable overlap between recreational and disability-related use.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Cannabis

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Denmark

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Pain

KW - Spinal Cord Injuries

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Young Adult

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.2340/16501977-2105

DO - 10.2340/16501977-2105

M3 - Journal article

VL - 49

SP - 152

EP - 160

JO - Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

JF - Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

SN - 1650-1977

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 52752470