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Cancer among circumpolar populations: an emerging public health concern

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Young, T Kue ; Kelly, Janet J ; Friborg, Jeppe ; Soininen, Leena ; Wong, Kai O. / Cancer among circumpolar populations : an emerging public health concern. In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2016 ; Vol. 75. pp. 29787.

Bibtex

@article{5cddd9fcd0e941a38355d16c7c318c8c,
title = "Cancer among circumpolar populations: an emerging public health concern",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the incidence of cancer among the 8 Arctic States and their northern regions, with special focus on 3 cross-national indigenous groups--Inuit, Athabaskan Indians and Sami.METHODS: Data were extracted from national and regional statistical agencies and cancer registries, with direct age-standardization of rates to the world standard population. For comparison, the {"}world average{"} rates as reported in the GLOBOCAN database were used.FINDINGS: Age-standardized incidence rates by cancer sites were computed for the 8 Arctic States and 20 of their northern regions, averaged over the decade 2000-2009. Cancer of the lung and colon/rectum in both sexes are the commonest in most populations. We combined the Inuit from Alaska, Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Greenland into a {"}Circumpolar Inuit{"} group and tracked cancer trends over four 5-year periods from 1989 to 2008. There has been marked increase in lung, colorectal and female breast cancers, while cervical cancer has declined. Compared to the GLOBOCAN world average, Inuit are at extreme high risk for lung and colorectal cancer, and also certain rare cancers such as nasopharyngeal cancer. Athabaskans (from Alaska and Northwest Territories) share some similarities with the Inuit but they are at higher risk for prostate and breast cancer relative to the world average. Among the Sami, published data from 3 cohorts in Norway, Sweden and Finland show generally lower risk of cancer than non-Sami.CONCLUSIONS: Cancer among certain indigenous people in the Arctic is an increasing public health concern, especially lung and colorectal cancer.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Young, {T Kue} and Kelly, {Janet J} and Jeppe Friborg and Leena Soininen and Wong, {Kai O}",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "29787",
journal = "International Journal of Circumpolar Health",
issn = "1239-9736",
publisher = "International Association of Circumpolar Health Publishers",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cancer among circumpolar populations

T2 - an emerging public health concern

AU - Young, T Kue

AU - Kelly, Janet J

AU - Friborg, Jeppe

AU - Soininen, Leena

AU - Wong, Kai O

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the incidence of cancer among the 8 Arctic States and their northern regions, with special focus on 3 cross-national indigenous groups--Inuit, Athabaskan Indians and Sami.METHODS: Data were extracted from national and regional statistical agencies and cancer registries, with direct age-standardization of rates to the world standard population. For comparison, the "world average" rates as reported in the GLOBOCAN database were used.FINDINGS: Age-standardized incidence rates by cancer sites were computed for the 8 Arctic States and 20 of their northern regions, averaged over the decade 2000-2009. Cancer of the lung and colon/rectum in both sexes are the commonest in most populations. We combined the Inuit from Alaska, Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Greenland into a "Circumpolar Inuit" group and tracked cancer trends over four 5-year periods from 1989 to 2008. There has been marked increase in lung, colorectal and female breast cancers, while cervical cancer has declined. Compared to the GLOBOCAN world average, Inuit are at extreme high risk for lung and colorectal cancer, and also certain rare cancers such as nasopharyngeal cancer. Athabaskans (from Alaska and Northwest Territories) share some similarities with the Inuit but they are at higher risk for prostate and breast cancer relative to the world average. Among the Sami, published data from 3 cohorts in Norway, Sweden and Finland show generally lower risk of cancer than non-Sami.CONCLUSIONS: Cancer among certain indigenous people in the Arctic is an increasing public health concern, especially lung and colorectal cancer.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the incidence of cancer among the 8 Arctic States and their northern regions, with special focus on 3 cross-national indigenous groups--Inuit, Athabaskan Indians and Sami.METHODS: Data were extracted from national and regional statistical agencies and cancer registries, with direct age-standardization of rates to the world standard population. For comparison, the "world average" rates as reported in the GLOBOCAN database were used.FINDINGS: Age-standardized incidence rates by cancer sites were computed for the 8 Arctic States and 20 of their northern regions, averaged over the decade 2000-2009. Cancer of the lung and colon/rectum in both sexes are the commonest in most populations. We combined the Inuit from Alaska, Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Greenland into a "Circumpolar Inuit" group and tracked cancer trends over four 5-year periods from 1989 to 2008. There has been marked increase in lung, colorectal and female breast cancers, while cervical cancer has declined. Compared to the GLOBOCAN world average, Inuit are at extreme high risk for lung and colorectal cancer, and also certain rare cancers such as nasopharyngeal cancer. Athabaskans (from Alaska and Northwest Territories) share some similarities with the Inuit but they are at higher risk for prostate and breast cancer relative to the world average. Among the Sami, published data from 3 cohorts in Norway, Sweden and Finland show generally lower risk of cancer than non-Sami.CONCLUSIONS: Cancer among certain indigenous people in the Arctic is an increasing public health concern, especially lung and colorectal cancer.

KW - Journal Article

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26765259

VL - 75

SP - 29787

JO - International Journal of Circumpolar Health

JF - International Journal of Circumpolar Health

SN - 1239-9736

ER -

ID: 49670082