Can we enhance the ability to return to work among workers with stress-related disorders?

Flemming Lander, Claus Friche, Helle Tornemand, Johan Hviid Andersen, Lilli Kirkeskov


BACKGROUND: Stress-related disorders are widespread and responsible for high societal costs e.g. sick leave payment and reduced productivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an intervention program on return to work or labour market.

METHODS: In a controlled interventional study design we compared 72 emotionally distressed patients, who received support during 2006, with 89 control individuals who had also been sick listed for emotional distress. Intervention was provided by trained psychologists and social workers who were in continuous dialog with the patients, providing counselling e.g. on decisions concerning resumption of work, support to families, participation in meetings with the workplace. Basically, the controls and the intervention group share the same access to welfare benefits. The main outcome was time to return to labour market (TTR).

RESULTS: The baseline characteristics were similar in the two groups. There were no differences in the rate of resuming work between the two groups. About 80% in both groups had returned to the labour market after one year.

CONCLUSION: An intervention program with psychological stress management and case management did not improve work capability compared to usual care. Work resumption as a single outcome probably is an insensitive parameter of intervention management quality, and should be supplemented by other data on different aspects of treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2009


  • Adult
  • Affective Symptoms/therapy
  • Counseling
  • Denmark
  • Employment
  • Female
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Middle Aged
  • Sick Leave
  • Social Support
  • Stress, Psychological/therapy
  • Workplace


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