Calcaneal positioning in equinus immobilization of the ankle joint: A comparison of common orthoses used in the treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Orthoses are an important part of both conservative and operative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture as they can be used to position the foot in equinus and protect the torn tendon from strain in the healing phase. The aim of the study was to test four different orthoses ability to position the foot in equinus. The study was performed as a cross-sectional study. 15 healthy study participants underwent radiographic examination with 11 true lateral radiographs of the right ankle and foot, one with the ankle joint in neutral position; one of a circular equinus cast (CEC); three of an adjustable equinus boot (AEB) with the foot in 30°, 15°, and 0° of plantar flexion, respectively; three of a fixed angle orthosis with 1, 2, and 3 wedges with a plateau (WWP); and three of a fixed angle orthosis with 1, 2, and 3 wedges without plateau (WWOP). The primary outcome was the Achilles Relief Distance (ARD). Secondary outcomes were the tibiocalcaneal angle (TCA), the tibiotalar angle (TTA), and the tibio- 1st metatarsal angle (1MTP). All measurements were performed by a radiologist. The mean (SD) ARD was 11 mm (7) in CEC, 23 mm (6) with 3 WWP, 11 mm (5) with 3 WWOP, and 15 mm (5) using AEB in 30° of plantarflexion. The mean (SD) TCA was 86° (7,8) in CEC, 76° (7,3) with 3 WWP, 90° (6,9) with 3 WWOP, and 84° (6,6) using the AEB in 30° of plantarflexion. CEC, AEB, and WWOP showed statistically significantly larger plantarflexion than WWP. CEC, AEB and WWOP produced significantly greater plantarflexion compared to WWP.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFoot and Ankle Surgery
Volume28
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1314-1320
Number of pages7
ISSN1268-7731
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Achilles Tendon/diagnostic imaging
  • Acute Disease
  • Ankle Joint/diagnostic imaging
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Rupture/therapy
  • Tendon Injuries/diagnostic imaging
  • Plantarflexion
  • Orthosis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Equinus

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