BKPyV DNAemia in Kidney Transplant Recipients Undergoing Regular Screening: A Single-Centre Cohort Study

Abstract

Infection with BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) is a common opportunistic infection after kidney transplantation (KT) and may affect graft function. We aimed to determine the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcomes of BKPyV DNAemia in a prospective cohort of 601 KT recipients transplanted from 2012 to 2020. BKPyV PCR on plasma was performed at days 60, 90, 180, 270, and 360 post-KT. Any BKPyV DNAemia was defined as a single BKPyV DNA of ≥1000 copies/mL. Severe BKPyV DNAemia was defined as two consecutive BKPyV DNA of ≥10,000 copies/mL. Cumulative incidences were investigated using the Aalen-Johansen estimator, and the risk factors were investigated in Cox proportional hazard models. The incidence of any BKPyV DNAemia and severe BKPyV DNAemia was 21% (18-25) and 13% (10-16) at one year post-KT, respectively. Recipient age > 50 years (aHR, 1.72; 95% CI 1.00-2.94; p = 0.049), male sex (aHR, 1.96; 95% CI 1.17-3.29; p = 0.011), living donors (aHR, 1.65; 95% CI 1.03-2.74; p = 0.045), and >3 HLA-ABDR mismatches (aHR, 1.72; 95% CI 1.01-2.94; p = 0.046) increased the risk of severe BKPyV DNAemia. Any BKPyV DNAemia was associated with an increased risk of graft function decline (aHR, 2.26; 95% CI 1.00-5.12; p = 0.049), and severe BKPyV DNAemia was associated with an increased risk of graft loss (aHR, 3.18; 95% CI 1.06-9.58; p = 0.039). These findings highlight the importance of BKPyV monitoring post-KT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number65
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume12
Issue number1
ISSN2076-2607
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2023

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