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Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) and single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) result in distinct post-prandial hormone profiles

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  • Sofia S Pereira
  • Marta Guimarães
  • Rui Almeida
  • Ana M Pereira
  • Carolina B Lobato
  • Bolette Hartmann
  • Linda Hilsted
  • Jens J Holst
  • Mário Nora
  • Mariana P Monteiro
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BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is the most effective bariatric intervention to treat morbid obesity and related disorders. Single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) is a new bariatric procedure devised with the purpose of simplifying the complexity of the BPD-DS technique while maintaining its efficacy. However, whether BPD-DS and SADI-S result in similar fasting and post-prandial hormone profiles has not yet been studied. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess and compare the hormone response to a standardized mixed meal in subjects operated with BPD-DS or SADI-S.

SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects submitted to BPD-DS (n = 9) or SADI-S (n = 9) 1.5 years earlier on average, with no past nor current diabetes diagnosis underwent a liquid mixed-meal tolerance test (MMTT) to assess the baseline and post-prandial profile of glucose, enteropancreatic hormones and total bile acids.

RESULTS: Fasting glucose, enteropancreatic hormones and total bile acids levels after BPD-DS and SADI-S were similar. After the MMTT, the response of subjects who underwent SADI-S was characterized by higher glucose (t = 30 min: p < 0.05; iAUC: 156.1 ± 46.2 vs. 103.4 ± 35.8 mmol/L × min, p = 0.02), GLP-1 (t = 30 min: p < 0.05; iAUC: 5388 ± 3010 vs. 2959.0 ± 2146 pmol/L × min, p = 0.02), glucagon (t = 30 min: p < 0.05; iAUC: 678.7 ± 295.2 vs. 376.9 ± 215.7 pmol/L × min, p = 0.02), insulin (t = 30 and 45 min: p < 0.05); and C-peptide levels (t = 30 and 45 min: p < 0.05), when compared to BPD-DS.

CONCLUSIONS: The post-prandial hormone secretion profile after SADI-S is characterized by increased GLP-1, glucagon and insulin secretion, when compared to BPD-DS, which suggests the existence of different endocrine driven mechanisms leading to weight loss and metabolic improvement after the two procedures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of obesity (2005)
Volume43
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)2518-2527
Number of pages10
ISSN0307-0565
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

ID: 58869760