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Benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy and trastuzumab in patients with HER2-positive, node-negative breast tumors ≤ 10 mm: a nationwide study

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PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chemotherapy and trastuzumab on invasive disease-free survival (iDFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive, T1abN0 breast cancer.

METHODS: In the Danish Breast Cancer Group database, patients with HER2-positive, T1abN0 tumors diagnosed between 2007 and 2016 were identified. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to analyze the association between adjuvant chemotherapy and trastuzumab and iDFS and OS.

RESULTS: Of 605 patients included in the analyses, 465 patients received chemotherapy and trastuzumab and 140 patients did not. Chemotherapy and trastuzumab did not improve iDFS or OS significantly in adjusted analyses. 5-year iDFS was 92.3% vs. 89.9%, Hazard ratio (HR) 1.01 (p = 0.98), and 5-year OS was 97.4% vs. 94.3%, HR 0.60 (p = 0.15), chemotherapy and trastuzumab vs. no chemotherapy/trastuzumab. In unadjusted analyses, significant treatment benefit on OS was found in patients with T1b tumors. The largest absolute treatment benefits were found in patients with T1b tumors and estrogen receptor (ER) negative tumors, respectively, whereas treatment effects in patients with T1a tumors and ER-positive tumors, respectively, were limited.

CONCLUSION: Adjuvant chemotherapy and trastuzumab did not improve OS or iDFS significantly in patients with HER2-positive, T1abN0 breast cancers in adjusted analyses. In unadjusted analyses, significant OS benefit was found in patients with T1b tumors. The largest absolute benefit was observed in patients with T1b tumors and ER-negative tumors, respectively, whereas the effect was limited in patients with T1a tumors and ER-positive tumors, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume196
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)197–206
Number of pages10
ISSN0167-6806
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

    Research areas

  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects, Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy, Chemotherapy, Adjuvant, Disease-Free Survival, Female, Humans, Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics, Receptors, Estrogen, Trastuzumab/therapeutic use, Breast cancer, Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), T1abN0, Trastuzumab

ID: 84488688