Atopic respiratory diseases and IgE sensitization are associated with leukocyte subset concentrations in 14,440 blood donors

Susan Mikkelsen, Jens Kjærgaard Boldsen, Bjarne Kuno Møller, Khoa Manh Dinh, Klaus Rostgaard, Mikkel Steen Petersen, Kathrine Agergård Kaspersen, Ole Birger Pedersen, Lise Wegner Thørner, Linda Jenny Handgaard, Sisse Rye Ostrowski, Torben Sigsgaard, Christian Erikstrup

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Allergic rhinitis (AR), allergic conjunctivitis (AC), and asthma are characterized by activation of the immune system. The aim of this study was to explore the long-term association between AR, AC, asthma, and specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) and blood platelet and leukocyte differential counts.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the Danish Blood Donor Study, 14,440 participants from Central Denmark Region had platelet and leukocyte differential counts available and completed a questionnaire regarding AR, AC, and asthma. Of these participants, 8485 were tested for IgE to inhalation allergens.

RESULTS: The prevalence of AR, AC, asthma, and IgE sensitization was 19%, 15%, 9%, and 29%, respectively. AR, AC, asthma, wheeze, and IgE sensitization was associated with increased blood eosinophil concentration even in IgE sensitized participants who did not report any allergy or asthma. The strongest associations were observed for participants with current disease. We found no differences in eosinophil concentration between months without symptoms and months with symptoms of AR and asthma.

CONCLUSION: AR, AC, asthma, wheezing, and IgE sensitization to inhalation allergens are associated with increased eosinophil concentration. This may reflect a persistent inflammation even in periods without symptomatic disease.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry
Volume520
Pages (from-to)139-146
Number of pages8
ISSN0009-8981
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021

Keywords

  • Allergens
  • Blood Donors
  • Eosinophils
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity, Immediate/epidemiology
  • Immunoglobulin E
  • Rhinitis, Allergic

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