OBJECTIVE: Echocardiographic findings in chronic kidney disease (CKD) vary. We sought to estimate the prevalence of abnormal cardiac structure and function in patients with CKD and their association to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR).
METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 825 outpatients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD, mean age 58± 13 yrs, and 175 matched healthy controls, mean age 60±12 yrs. Echocardiography included assessment of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, LV ejection fraction (LVEF), global longitudinal strain (GLS) and diastolic dysfunction according to ASE/EACVI guidelines.
RESULTS: LV hypertrophy was found in 9% of patients vs. 1.7% of controls (p=0.005) was independently associated with UACR (p=0.002). Median LVEF was 59.4% (IQR 55.2, 62.8) in patients vs. 60.8% (57.7, 64.1) in controls (p=0.002). GLS was decreased in patients with eGFR <60ml/min/1.73m² (-17.6%±3.1%) vs. patients with higher eGFR (19.0%±2.2%, p<0.001), who were similar to controls. . Diastolic dysfunction was detected in 55% of patients and in 34% of controls.
LIMITATIONS: Non-random sampling, cross-sectional analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: We report lower prevalence of hypertrophy than previous studies, but similar measurements of systolic and diastolic function. Cardiac remodeling in CKD may be influenced by treatment modalities, demographics, comorbidities and renal pathology.
- Cross-Sectional Studies
- Glomerular Filtration Rate
- Heart Failure/complications
- Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/diagnostic imaging
- Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis
- Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging