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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Association of SLC26A4 mutations, morphology, and hearing in pendred syndrome and NSEVA

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relations of monoallelic (M1), biallelic (M2), or the absence of mutations (M0) in SLC26A4 to inner ear morphology and hearing levels in individuals with Pendred syndrome (PS) or nonsyndromic enlarged vestibular aqueduct (NSEVA) associated with hearing loss.

METHODS: In a cohort of 139 PS/NSEVA individuals, 115 persons from 95 unrelated families had full genetic sequencing of SLC26A4, and 113 had retrievable images for re-assessment of inner ear morphology. The association between the number of mutant alleles in SLC26A4, inner ear morphology (including endolymphatic sac size and protein content on magnetic resonance imaging), and hearing level (pure tone average) was explored.

RESULTS: Biallelic SLC26A4 mutations (M2) occurred in three-quarters of the cohort and was invariably associated with poor hearing; in 87%, it was associated with incomplete partition type II of the cochlea as well as enlarged endolymphatic sac and vestibular aqueduct. M1 or M0 individuals exhibited a greater variability in inner ear morphology. Endolymphatic sac size and presence of "high-protein" sac contents were significantly higher in M2 individuals compared to M1 and M0 individuals.

CONCLUSION: The number of SLC26A4 mutations is associated with severity and variability of inner ear morphology and hearing level in individuals with PS or NSEVA. M2 individuals have poorer hearing and present largely incomplete partition type II of the cochleas with enlarged endolymphatic sacs, whereas individuals with M1 and no detectable SLC26A4 mutations have less severe hearing loss and more diverse inner ear morphology.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4. Laryngoscope, 129:2574-2579, 2019.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Laryngoscope
Volume129
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)2574-2579
Number of pages6
ISSN0023-852X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

    Research areas

  • Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alleles, Child, Cochlea/pathology, Ear, Inner/pathology, Endolymphatic Sac/pathology, Female, Goiter, Nodular/genetics, Hearing/genetics, Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics, Hearing Tests, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Mutation, Retrospective Studies, Sulfate Transporters/genetics, Vestibular Aqueduct/abnormalities, Young Adult

ID: 58389737