Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Are perceptions of health dependant on social class? Studying soft power and symbolic violence in a health promotion program among young men at vocational schools

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Intensive Lifestyle Intervention Increases Plasma Midregional Proatrial Natriuretic Peptide Concentrations in Overweight Children

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Comparative optimism about infection and recovery from COVID-19: Implications for adherence with lockdown advice

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. The practices of body in rehabilitation after stroke: a qualitative study of how physiotherapy affects identity reconstruction

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Bodies need yoga? No plastic surgery! Naturalistic versus instrumental bodies among professions in the Danish healthcare field

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  5. Hvad siger Bourdieu og Foucault om dyrkelse af sundhedskroppen? komparation mellem sociologiske og socialfilosofiske positioner

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Bent Egberg Mikkelsen
  • Frantisek Sudzina
  • Marek Botek
  • Annette Quinto Romani
  • Kristian Larsen
View graph of relations
Health behaviour among young people has a social gradient, and tends to be skewed in terms of gender as well. Young men in vocational educational settings are an example where the inequality in health is apparent. Addressing this problem requires an understanding of health behaviour and its determinants in the target group in order to be able to develop interventions that can address the problem. The aim of the paper is to investigate to what extent a multicomponent intervention based on the Whole School Approach, targeting the risk behaviours, smoking, eating and physical activity that have an impact on health behaviour among male students in a disadvantaged educational setting. The paper uses self-reported longitudinal data on risk behaviours from the “Gearing up the Body” 1-year intervention program that was implemented among students at a Danish vocational school. For the analysis, we created a score model to categorise students and behaviour. Analyses suggest that interventions had only a modest impact and what evidence there is shows that the interventions reduced the health behaviour scores by 0.03 points. More specifically, we find that symbolic violence reduces the health behaviour score of the healthy types by 0.20 points, whereas soft power increases the health behaviour of the unhealthy type by 0.05 points. An explanation for the disappointing results of the “Gearing up the Body” program is tension between different understanding of what is “right” and “wrong” health behaviour. We find that the ideas of soft power and symbolic violence can contribute to a better understanding of why health and health behaviour is understood differently among vocational students. Thus, the finding demonstrates that one needs to apply a participatory approach rather than a normative approach addressing the health behaviour of disadvantaged individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7517
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number14
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
ISSN1660-4601
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

    Research areas

  • Symbolic violation, Target intervention, Whole school approach, symbolic violence, target intervention, whole school approach, Humans, Violence/prevention & control, Male, Social Class, Health Promotion, Adolescent, Perception, Schools

ID: 66626562