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Application of digital image analysis on histological images of a murine embryoid body model for monitoring endothelial differentiation

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The in vitro 3D model established from murine pluripotential stem cells (i.e., embryoid bodies (EBs)) is a dynamic model for endothelial differentiation. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether digital image analysis (DIA) can be applied on histological sections of EBs in order to quantify endothelial differentiation over time. The EBs were established in suspension cultures for 21 days in three independent replicate experiments. At day 4, 6, 9, 14, 18, and 21, the EBs were fixed in formaldehyde, embedded in paraffin and immunohistochemically (IHC) stained for CD31. The IHC-stained slides were digitally scanned and analysed using the Visiopharm® Quantitative Digital Pathology software Oncotopix™. The EBs developed CD31+ vascular-like structures during their differentiation. The quantitative DIA of the EBs showed that the log10 values of the relative CD31+ areas increased from -0.574 ± 0.470 (mean ± SD) at day 4 to 0.093 ± 0.688 (mean ± SD) at day 21 (p < 0.001). The approach presented in this study is a fast, quantitative and reproducible alternative method for an otherwise time-consuming and observer-dependent histological investigation. The future perspectives for such a system would be implementation of a modified version of the method on different 3D cultures and IHC markers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153225
JournalPathology, research and practice
Volume216
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)153225
ISSN0344-0338
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

    Research areas

  • 3D cultures, CD31 differentiation, Digital pathology, Embryoid body, Murine pluripotential stem cells

ID: 61960645