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Anti-Campylobacter activity of resveratrol and an extract from waste Pinot noir grape skins and seeds, and resistance of Camp. jejuni planktonic and biofilm cells, mediated via the CmeABC efflux pump

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  • A. Klančnik
  • M. Šikić Pogačar
  • K. Trošt
  • M. Tušek Žnidarič
  • B. Mozetič Vodopivec
  • S. Smole Možina
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Aims: To define anti-Campylobacter jejuni activity of an extract from waste skins and seeds of Pinot noir grapes (GSS), resveratrol and possible resistance mechanisms, and the influence of these on Camp. jejuni morphology. Methods and Results: Using gene-specific knock-out Camp. jejuni mutants and an efflux pump inhibitor, we showed CmeABC as the most active efflux pump for extrusion across the outer membrane of GSS extract and resveratrol. Using polystyrene surface and pig small intestine epithelial (PSI) and human foetal small intestine (H4) cell lines, GSS extract shows an efficient inhibition of adhesion of Camp. jejuni to these abiotic and biotic surfaces. Conclusions: Low doses of GSS extract can inhibit Camp. jejuni adhesion to polystyrene surfaces and to PSI and H4 cells, and can thus modulate Camp. jejuni invasion and intracellular survival. Significance and Impact of the Study: An understanding of the activities of GSS extract and resveratrol as bacterial growth inhibitors and the specific mechanisms of cell accumulation is crucial for our understanding of Camp. jejuni resistance. GSS extract inhibition of Camp. jejuni adhesion to abiotic and biotic surfaces provides a further step towards the application of new innovative strategies to control Campylobacter contamination and infection via the food chain.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)65-77
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • abiotic/biotic surface, antiadhesion, bioactive by-products, Campylobacter jejuni, efflux pump

ID: 52586113