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Analytical performance of the Hologic Aptima HBV Quant Assay and the COBAS Ampliprep/COBAS TaqMan HBV test v2.0 for the quantification of HBV DNA in plasma samples

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BACKGROUND: Quantification of HBV DNA is used for initiating and monitoring antiviral treatment. Analytical test performance consequently impacts treatment decisions.

OBJECTIVES: To compare the analytical performance of the Aptima HBV Quant Assay (Aptima) and the COBAS Ampliprep/COBAS TaqMan HBV Test v2.0 (CAPCTMv2) for the quantification of HBV DNA in plasma samples.

STUDY DESIGN: The performance of the two tests was compared on 129 prospective plasma samples, and on 63 archived plasma samples of which 53 were genotyped. Linearity of the two assays was assessed on dilutions series of three clinical samples (Genotype B, C, and D).

RESULTS: Bland-Altman analysis of 120 clinical samples, which quantified in both tests, showed an average quantification bias (Aptima - CAPCTMv2) of -0.19 Log IU/mL (SD: 0.33 Log IU/mL). A single sample quantified more than three standard deviations higher in Aptima than in CAPCTMv2. Only minor differences were observed between genotype A (N = 4; average difference -0.01 Log IU/mL), B (N = 8; -0.13 Log IU/mL), C (N = 8; -0.31 Log IU/mL), D (N = 25; -0.22 Log IU/mL), and E (N = 7; -0.03 Log IU/mL). Deming regression showed that the two tests were excellently correlated (slope of the regression line 1.03; 95% CI: 0.998-1.068). Linearity of the tests was evaluated on dilution series and showed an excellent correlation of the two tests. Both tests were precise with %CV less than 3% for HBV DNA ≥3 Log IU/mL.

CONCLUSIONS: The Aptima and CAPCTMv2 tests are highly correlated, and both tests are useful for monitoring patients chronically infected with HBV.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Volume104
Pages (from-to)83-88
ISSN1386-6532
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

ID: 54349811