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An automatically generated texture-based atlas of the lungs

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  • Yashin Dicente Cid
  • Oula Puonti
  • Alexandra Platon
  • Koen Van Leemput
  • Henning Müller
  • Pierre Alexandre Poletti
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Many pulmonary diseases can be characterized by visual abnormalities on lung CT scans. Some diseases manifest similar defects but require completely different treatments, as is the case for Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) and Pulmonary Embolism (PE): Both present hypo- A nd hyper-perfused regions but with different distribution across the lung and require different treatment protocols. Finding these distributions by visual inspection is not trivial even for trained radiologists who currently use invasive catheterism to diagnose PH. A Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) tool that could facilitate the non-invasive diagnosis of these diseases can benefit both the radiologists and the patients. Most of the visual differences in the parenchyma can be characterized using texture descriptors. Current CAD systems often use texture information but the texture is either computed in a patch-based fashion, or based on an anatomical division of the lung. The difficulty of precisely finding these divisions in abnormal lungs calls for new tools for obtaining new meaningful divisions of the lungs. In this paper we present a method for unsupervised segmentation of lung CT scans into subregions that are similar in terms of texture and spatial proximity. To this extent, we combine a previously validated Riesz-wavelet texture descriptor with a well-known superpixel segmentation approach that we extend to 3D. We demonstrate the feasibility and accuracy of our approach on a simulated texture dataset, and show preliminary results for CT scans of the lung comparing subjects suffering either from PH or PE. The resulting texture-based atlas of individual lungs can potentially help physicians in diagnosis or be used for studying common texture distributions related to other diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2018 : Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Volume10575
PublisherSPIE
Publication date27 Feb 2018
Pages1-8
Article number105753A
ISBN (Electronic)9781510616394
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2018
EventMedical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis - Houston, United States
Duration: 12 Feb 201815 Feb 2018

Conference

ConferenceMedical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
LandUnited States
ByHouston
Periode12/02/201815/02/2018
SponsorDECTRIS Ltd., The Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

Event

Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis

12/02/201815/02/2018

Houston, United States

Event: Conference

    Research areas

  • 3D texture, Lung atlas, Riesz-wavelet, Supervoxels

ID: 56450303