Perioperative bleeding is a common complication in surgeries that increases morbidity, risk of mortality, and leads to increased socioeconomic costs. In this study we investigated a blood-derived autologous combined leukocyte, platelet, and fibrin patch as a new means of activating coagulation and maintaining hemostasis in a surgical setting. We evaluated the effects of an extract derived from the patch on the clotting of human blood in vitro, using thromboelastography (TEG). The autologous blood-derived patch activated hemostasis, seen as a reduced mean activation time compared to both non-activated controls, kaolin-activated samples, and fibrinogen/thrombin-patch-activated samples. The accelerated clotting was reproducible and did not compromise the quality or stability of the resulting blood clot. We also evaluated the patch in vivo in a porcine liver punch biopsy model. In this surgical model we saw 100% effective hemostasis and a significant reduction of the time-to-hemostasis, when compared to controls. These results were comparable to the hemostatic properties of a commercially available, xenogeneic fibrinogen/thrombin patch. Our findings suggest clinical potential for the autologous blood-derived patch as a hemostatic agent.
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 19 Apr 2023|