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Aggression in Psychiatric Wards: Effect of the Use of a Structured Risk Assessment

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Hvidhjelm, Jacob ; Sestoft, Dorte ; Skovgaard, Lene Theil ; Rasmussen, Kirsten ; Almvik, Roger ; Bue Bjorner, Jakob. / Aggression in Psychiatric Wards : Effect of the Use of a Structured Risk Assessment. In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 2016 ; Vol. 37, No. 12. pp. 960-967.

Bibtex

@article{56db406043af403c9acf0db65990c56c,
title = "Aggression in Psychiatric Wards: Effect of the Use of a Structured Risk Assessment",
abstract = "Health care workers are often exposed to violence and aggression in psychiatric settings. Short-term risk assessments, such as the Br{\o}set Violence Checklist (BVC), are strong predictors of such aggression and may enable staff to take preventive measures against aggression. This study evaluated whether the routine use of the BVC could reduce the frequency of patient aggression. We conducted a study with a semi-random regression discontinuity design in 15 psychiatric wards. Baseline aggression risk was assessed using the Aggression Observation Short Form (AOS) over three months. The BVC was implemented in seven intervention wards, and the risk of aggressive incidents over three months of follow-up was compared with the risk in eight control wards. The analysis was conducted at the ward level because each ward was allocated to the intervention and control groups. At baseline, the risk of aggression varied between wards, from one aggressive incident per patient per 1,000 shifts to 147 aggressive incidents per patient per 1,000 shifts. The regression discontinuity analysis found a 45% reduction in the risk of aggression (Odds Ratio (OR) = 0.55, 95% confidence interval: 0.21-1.43). The study did not find a significant reduction in the risk of aggression after implementing a systematic short-term risk assessment with the BVC. Although our findings suggest that use of the BVC may reduce the risk of aggression, the results need to be confirmed in studies with more statistical power.",
author = "Jacob Hvidhjelm and Dorte Sestoft and Skovgaard, {Lene Theil} and Kirsten Rasmussen and Roger Almvik and {Bue Bjorner}, Jakob",
year = "2016",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1080/01612840.2016.1241842",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "960--967",
journal = "Issues in Mental Health Nursing",
issn = "0161-2840",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Aggression in Psychiatric Wards

T2 - Effect of the Use of a Structured Risk Assessment

AU - Hvidhjelm, Jacob

AU - Sestoft, Dorte

AU - Skovgaard, Lene Theil

AU - Rasmussen, Kirsten

AU - Almvik, Roger

AU - Bue Bjorner, Jakob

PY - 2016/12

Y1 - 2016/12

N2 - Health care workers are often exposed to violence and aggression in psychiatric settings. Short-term risk assessments, such as the Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC), are strong predictors of such aggression and may enable staff to take preventive measures against aggression. This study evaluated whether the routine use of the BVC could reduce the frequency of patient aggression. We conducted a study with a semi-random regression discontinuity design in 15 psychiatric wards. Baseline aggression risk was assessed using the Aggression Observation Short Form (AOS) over three months. The BVC was implemented in seven intervention wards, and the risk of aggressive incidents over three months of follow-up was compared with the risk in eight control wards. The analysis was conducted at the ward level because each ward was allocated to the intervention and control groups. At baseline, the risk of aggression varied between wards, from one aggressive incident per patient per 1,000 shifts to 147 aggressive incidents per patient per 1,000 shifts. The regression discontinuity analysis found a 45% reduction in the risk of aggression (Odds Ratio (OR) = 0.55, 95% confidence interval: 0.21-1.43). The study did not find a significant reduction in the risk of aggression after implementing a systematic short-term risk assessment with the BVC. Although our findings suggest that use of the BVC may reduce the risk of aggression, the results need to be confirmed in studies with more statistical power.

AB - Health care workers are often exposed to violence and aggression in psychiatric settings. Short-term risk assessments, such as the Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC), are strong predictors of such aggression and may enable staff to take preventive measures against aggression. This study evaluated whether the routine use of the BVC could reduce the frequency of patient aggression. We conducted a study with a semi-random regression discontinuity design in 15 psychiatric wards. Baseline aggression risk was assessed using the Aggression Observation Short Form (AOS) over three months. The BVC was implemented in seven intervention wards, and the risk of aggressive incidents over three months of follow-up was compared with the risk in eight control wards. The analysis was conducted at the ward level because each ward was allocated to the intervention and control groups. At baseline, the risk of aggression varied between wards, from one aggressive incident per patient per 1,000 shifts to 147 aggressive incidents per patient per 1,000 shifts. The regression discontinuity analysis found a 45% reduction in the risk of aggression (Odds Ratio (OR) = 0.55, 95% confidence interval: 0.21-1.43). The study did not find a significant reduction in the risk of aggression after implementing a systematic short-term risk assessment with the BVC. Although our findings suggest that use of the BVC may reduce the risk of aggression, the results need to be confirmed in studies with more statistical power.

U2 - 10.1080/01612840.2016.1241842

DO - 10.1080/01612840.2016.1241842

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27901619

VL - 37

SP - 960

EP - 967

JO - Issues in Mental Health Nursing

JF - Issues in Mental Health Nursing

SN - 0161-2840

IS - 12

ER -

ID: 49492541