Adolescents with prior patellar dislocation report affected quality of life and function, as measured using the Banff Patella Instability Instrument, Kujala and EQ-5D-5L index scores

Niclas H Eysturoy, Hans-Christen Husum, Lina H Ingelsrud, Oddrún Danielsen, Lars Blønd, Elinborg Mortensen, Per Hölmich, Kristoffer W Barfod

Abstract

PURPOSE: We aimed to establish patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) reference data for a cohort of patients with prior patellar dislocation without previous knee surgery.

METHODS: All inhabitants of the Faroe Islands aged 15-19 years were sent an online survey via secure email to establish a national cohort. They were asked to answer questions regarding demographics, whether they had prior patellar dislocation and to complete the PROMs: the Banff Patella Instability Instrument (BPII), Kujala, Marx activity and EQ-5D-5L questionnaires. Participants who had undergone knee surgery were excluded. Participants who had prior patellar dislocation underwent radiographic examinations to diagnose trochlear dysplasia. The study included three cohorts: the general population, prior patellar dislocation and prior patellar dislocation and trochlear dysplasia cohorts.

RESULTS: Of the 3749 individuals contacted, 1119 completed the survey and responded to at least one PROM. Of these, 102 reported a history of patellar dislocation and 57 of them had trochlear dysplasia. All PROMs, except the Marx score, reflected a worse quality of life and function after patellar dislocation than in the general population cohort; this was most pronounced in the BPII. The percentage of people experiencing problems in EQ-5D-5L dimensions was higher in the patellar dislocation and trochlear dysplasia cohorts than in the general population cohort in all EQ-5D-5L domains, except anxiety/depression.

CONCLUSION: Adolescents who had patellar dislocation reported reduced quality of life and function according to the BPII, Kujala and EQ-5D-5L index values, as well as all EQ-5D-5L domains, except for anxiety/depression. However, their activity levels remained high.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.

Original languageEnglish
JournalKnee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
ISSN0942-2056
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 May 2024

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