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Activation-induced resetting of cerebral oxygen and glucose uptake in the rat

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In the clinical setting it has been shown that activation will increase cerebral glucose uptake in excess of cerebral oxygen uptake. To study this phenomenon further, this study presents an experimental setup that enables precise determination of the ratio between cerebral uptake of glucose and oxygen in the awake rat. Global CBF was measured by the Kety-Schmidt technique, and the ratio between cerebral uptake rates for oxygen, glucose, and lactate was calculated from cerebral arterial-venous differences. During baseline conditions, rats were kept in a closed box designed to minimize interference. During baseline conditions CBF was 1.08 +/- 0.25 mL x g(-1) x minute(-1), and the cerebral oxygen to glucose uptake ratio was 5.5. Activation was induced by opening the sheltering box for 6 minutes. Activation increased CBF to 1.81 mL x g(-1) x minute(-1). During activation cerebral glucose uptake increased disproportionately to cerebral oxygen uptake, and the cerebral oxygen to glucose uptake ratio was 4.2. The accumulated excess glucose uptake during 6 minutes of activation amounted to 2.4 micromol/g. Activation was terminated by closure of the sheltering box. In the postactivation period, the cerebral oxygen to glucose uptake ratio rose to a maximum of 6.4. This response is exactly opposite to the excess cerebral glucose uptake observed during activation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume18
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)742-8
Number of pages7
ISSN0271-678X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1998

    Research areas

  • Animals, Blood Glucose, Blood Pressure, Brain, Carbon Dioxide, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Glucose, Kinetics, Male, Oxygen, Oxygen Consumption, Partial Pressure, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Regional Blood Flow

ID: 39046445