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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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A single c.1715G>C calpain 3 gene variant causes dominant calpainopathy with loss of calpain 3 expression and activity

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Recessively inherited limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) type 2A is the most common LGMD worldwide. Here, we report the first single missense variant in CAPN3 causing dominantly inherited calpainopathy. A 43-year-old proband, his father and two sons were heterozygous for a c.1715G>C p.(Arg572Pro) variant in CAPN3. Affected family members had at least three of the following; muscle pain, a LGMD2A pattern of muscle weakness and wasting, muscle fat replacement on magnetic resonance imaging, myopathic muscle biopsy, and elevated creatine kinase. Total calpain 3 protein expression was 4 ± 3% of normal. In vitro analysis of c.1715G>C and the previously described c.643_663del variant indicated that the mutant proteins lack autolytic and proteolytic activity and decrease the quantity of wild-type CAPN3 protein. Our findings suggest that dominantly inherited calpainopathy is not unique to the previously reported c.643_663del mutation of CAPN3, and that dominantly inherited calpainopathy should be considered for other single variations in CAPN3.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman Mutation
Volume41
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)1507-1513
Number of pages7
ISSN1059-7794
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

ID: 61073161