PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the effect of different blood pressure levels on global cerebral metabolism in comatose patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).
METHODS: In a double-blinded trial, we randomly assigned 60 comatose patients following OHCA to low (63 mmHg) or high (77 mmHg) mean arterial blood pressure (MAP). The trial was a sub-study in the Blood Pressure and Oxygenation Targets after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest-trial (BOX). Global cerebral metabolism utilizing jugular bulb microdialysis (JBM) and cerebral oxygenation (rSO2) was monitored continuously for 96 h. The lactate-to-pyruvate (LP) ratio is a marker of cellular redox status and increases during deficient oxygen delivery (ischemia, hypoxia) and mitochondrial dysfunction. The primary outcome was to compare time-averaged means of cerebral energy metabolites between MAP groups during post-resuscitation care. Secondary outcomes included metabolic patterns of cerebral ischemia, rSO2, plasma neuron-specific enolase level at 48 h and neurological outcome at hospital discharge (cerebral performance category).
RESULTS: We found a clear separation in MAP between the groups (15 mmHg, p < 0.001). Cerebral biochemical variables were not significantly different between MAP groups (LPR low MAP 19 (16-31) vs. high MAP 23 (16-33), p = 0.64). However, the LP ratio remained high (> 16) in both groups during the first 30 h. During the first 24 h, cerebral lactate > 2.5 mM, pyruvate levels > 110 µM, LP ratio > 30, and glycerol > 260 µM were highly predictive for poor neurological outcome and death with AUC 0.80. The median (IQR) rSO2 during the first 48 h was 69.5% (62.0-75.0%) in the low MAP group and 69.0% (61.3-75.5%) in the high MAP group, p = 0.16.
CONCLUSIONS: Among comatose patients resuscitated from OHCA, targeting a higher MAP 180 min after ROSC did not significantly improve cerebral energy metabolism within 96 h of post-resuscitation care. Patients with a poor clinical outcome exhibited significantly worse biochemical patterns, probably illustrating that insufficient tissue oxygenation and recirculation during the initial hours after ROSC were essential factors determining neurological outcome.
- Blood Pressure
- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
- Double-Blind Method
- Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest/complications