A multidisciplinary, shared care clinic using personalized medicine and coordinated care in patients with concomitant type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Protocol and baseline characteristics

Julie Rye Noer Pontoppidan, Emil Eik Nielsen, Michael Hecht Olsen, Michael Kriegbaum Skjødt, Jesper Olund Christensen, Ilan Esra Raymond, Sara Hedlund Møller, Anne Merete Boas Soja, Peter Haulund Gæde

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Concomitant type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is frequent with a poor prognosis with high risk of comorbidities. Strict risk factor control reduces the risk for complications - yet many people do not achieve treatment targets. The complexity and fragmentation of the healthcare system may, together with the vulnerability of these patients, be a reason.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the protocol of a non-randomized interventional pilot study testing the feasibility and effect of a multidisciplinary, shared care clinic using personalized medicine and coordinated care in people living with concomitant T2D and CVD.

METHODS: Participants were included from the Holbaek area in Denmark. People suffered from T2DM and CVD and were dysregulated regarding to HbA1c, cholesterol, micro/macroalbuminuaria or blood pressure. Participants went through a thorough evaluation to identify their needs and resources and received consultations every three months for one year.

RESULTS: A total of 63 participants with T2DM and CVD were enrolled in the clinic. The participants had a mean age of 69 years and a BMI of 30.9 kg/m2. Almost 50 % had heart failure, 95 % dyslipidemia and 91 % hypertension. Around 54 % received GLP-1 agonists and 39 % received SGLT-2-inhibitors.

PERSPECTIVES: To our knowledge, a similar study with a multidisciplinary, shared care, outpatient clinic treating people living with concomitant T2DM and CVD, has not been performed previously. This study will provide information about the feasibility and efficacy of a multidisciplinary clinic based on changes in cardiovascular risk factors and medication.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102594
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume38
Pages (from-to)102594
ISSN2211-3355
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Comorbidity
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Type 2
  • Vulnerable Patients

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