A high-protein diet during hospitalization is associated with an accelerated decrease in soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor levels in acutely ill elderly medical patients with SIRS

Juliette Tavenier, Thomas H Haupt, Aino L Andersen, Sussi F Buhl, Anne Langkilde, Jens R Andersen, Jens-Erik B Jensen, Mette M Pedersen, Janne Petersen, Ove Andersen

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acute illness and hospitalization in elderly individuals are often accompanied by the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and malnutrition, both associated with wasting and mortality. Nutritional support and resistance training were shown to increase muscle anabolism and reduce inflammation in healthy elderly. We hypothesized that nutritional support and resistance training would accelerate the resolution of inflammation in hospitalized elderly patients with SIRS. Acutely admitted patients aged >65 years with SIRS were randomized to an intervention consisting of a high-protein diet (1.7 g/kg per day) during hospitalization, and daily protein supplement (18.8 g) and 3 weekly resistance training sessions for 12 weeks after discharge (Intervention, n=14), or to standard-care (Control, n=15). Plasma levels of the inflammatory biomarkers soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR), interleukin-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), and albumin were measured at admission, discharge, and 4 and 13 weeks after discharge. The Intervention group had an earlier decrease in suPAR levels than the Control group: -15.4% vs. +14.5%, P=.007 during hospitalization, and -2.4% vs. -28.6%, P=.007 between discharge and 4 weeks. There were no significant effects of the intervention on the other biomarkers. All biomarkers improved significantly between admission and 13 weeks, although with different kinetics (suPAR: -22%, interleukin-6: -86%, CRP: -89%, albumin: +11%). Nutritional support during hospitalization was associated with an accelerated decrease in suPAR levels, whereas the combined nutrition and resistance training intervention after discharge did not appear to affect the inflammatory state. Our results indicate that improved nutritional care during hospitalization may accelerate recovery in acutely ill elderly medical patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrition Research
Volume41
Pages (from-to)56-64
ISSN0271-5317
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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