A framework for remission in SLE: consensus findings from a large international task force on definitions of remission in SLE (DORIS)

Ronald van Vollenhoven, Alexandre Voskuyl, George Bertsias, Cynthia Aranow, Martin Aringer, Laurent Arnaud, Anca Askanase, Petra Balážová, Eloisa Bonfa, Hendrika Bootsma, Dimitrios Boumpas, Ian Bruce, Ricard Cervera, Ann Clarke, Cindy Coney, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, László Czirják, Ronald Derksen, Andrea Doria, Thomas DörnerRebecca Fischer-Betz, Ruth Fritsch-Stork, Caroline Gordon, Winfried Graninger, Noémi Györi, Frédéric Houssiau, David Isenberg, Soren Jacobsen, David Jayne, Annegret Kuhn, Veronique Le Guern, Kirsten Lerstrøm, Roger Levy, Francinne Machado-Ribeiro, Xavier Mariette, Jamil Missaykeh, Eric Morand, Marta Mosca, Murat Inanc, Sandra Navarra, Irmgard Neumann, Marzena Olesinska, Michelle Petri, Anisur Rahman, Ole Petter Rekvig, Jozef Rovensky, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Josef Smolen, Angela Tincani, Murray Urowitz, Bernadette van Leeuw, Carlos Vasconcelos, Anne Voss, Victoria P Werth, Helena Zakharova, Asad Zoma, Matthias Schneider, Michael Ward

254 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Treat-to-target recommendations have identified 'remission' as a target in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but recognise that there is no universally accepted definition for this. Therefore, we initiated a process to achieve consensus on potential definitions for remission in SLE.

METHODS: An international task force of 60 specialists and patient representatives participated in preparatory exercises, a face-to-face meeting and follow-up electronic voting. The level for agreement was set at 90%.

RESULTS: The task force agreed on eight key statements regarding remission in SLE and three principles to guide the further development of remission definitions:1. Definitions of remission will be worded as follows: remission in SLE is a durable state characterised by …………………. (reference to symptoms, signs, routine labs).2. For defining remission, a validated index must be used, for example, clinical systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI)=0, British Isles lupus assessment group (BILAG) 2004 D/E only, clinical European consensus lupus outcome measure (ECLAM)=0; with routine laboratory assessments included, and supplemented with physician's global assessment.3. Distinction is made between remission off and on therapy: remission off therapy requires the patient to be on no other treatment for SLE than maintenance antimalarials; and remission on therapy allows patients to be on stable maintenance antimalarials, low-dose corticosteroids (prednisone ≤5 mg/day), maintenance immunosuppressives and/or maintenance biologics.The task force also agreed that the most appropriate outcomes (dependent variables) for testing the prognostic value (construct validity) of potential remission definitions are: death, damage, flares and measures of health-related quality of life.

CONCLUSIONS: The work of this international task force provides a framework for testing different definitions of remission against long-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Volume76
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)554-561
Number of pages8
ISSN0003-4967
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Antibodies, Antinuclear
  • Antimalarials
  • Complement System Proteins
  • Consensus
  • DNA
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
  • Maintenance Chemotherapy
  • Remission Induction
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Symptom Flare Up
  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Journal Article
  • Review

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