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A flexible method for the automated offline-detection of artifacts in multi-channel electroencephalogram recordings

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  • Markus Waser
  • Heinrich Garn
  • Thomas Benke
  • Peter Dal-Bianco
  • Gerhard Ransmayr
  • Reinhold Schmidt
  • Poul J Jennum
  • Helge B D Sorensen
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Electroencephalogram (EEG) signal quality is often compromised by artifacts that corrupt quantitative EEG measurements used in clinical applications and EEG-related studies. Techniques such as filtering, regression analysis and blind source separation are often used to remove these artifacts. However, these preprocessing steps do not allow for complete artifact correction. We propose a method for the automated offline-detection of remaining artifacts after preprocessing in multi-channel EEG recordings. In contrast to existing methods it requires neither adaptive parameters varying between recordings nor a topography template. It is suited for short EEG segments and is flexible with regard to target applications. The algorithm was developed and tested on 60 clinical EEG samples of 20 seconds each that were recorded both in resting state and during cognitive activation to gain a realistic artifact set. Five EEG features were used to quantify temporal and spatial signal variations. Two distance measures for the single-channel and multi-channel variations of these features were defined. The global thresholds were determined by three-fold cross-validation and Youden's J statistic in conjunction with receiver operating characteristics (ROC curves). We observed high sensitivity of 95.5%±4.8 and specificity of 88.8%±2.1. The method has thus shown great potential and is promising as a possible tool for both EEG-based clinical applications and EEG-related research.

Original languageEnglish
JournalConference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference
Volume2017
Pages (from-to)3793-3796
Number of pages4
ISSN2375-7477
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Research areas

  • Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

ID: 52614412