Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

A dual-action peptide-containing hydrogel targets wound infection and inflammation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Delivery mode and gut microbial changes correlate with an increased risk of childhood asthma

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Epigenetic markers associated with metformin response and intolerance in drug-naive patients with type 2 diabetes

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Distinct immune phenotypes in infants developing asthma during childhood

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Imaging-assisted nanoimmunotherapy for atherosclerosis in multiple species

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  5. Filamentous bacteriophages are associated with chronic Pseudomonas lung infections and antibiotic resistance in cystic fibrosis

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Concentration- and pH-Dependent Oligomerization of the Thrombin-Derived C-Terminal Peptide TCP-25

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Thrombin-derived C-terminal fragments aggregate and scavenge bacteria and their proinflammatory products

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. A C-terminal peptide of TFPI-1 facilitates cytosolic delivery of nucleic acid cargo into mammalian cells

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Degradable dendritic nanogels as carriers for antimicrobial peptides

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Manoj Puthia
  • Marta Butrym
  • Jitka Petrlova
  • Ann-Charlotte Strömdahl
  • Madelene Å Andersson
  • Sven Kjellström
  • Artur Schmidtchen
View graph of relations

There is a clinical need for improved wound treatments that prevent both infection and excessive inflammation. TCP-25, a thrombin-derived peptide, is antibacterial and scavenges pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), such as lipopolysaccharide, thereby preventing CD14 interaction and Toll-like receptor dimerization, leading to reduced downstream immune activation. Here, we describe the development of a hydrogel formulation that was functionalized with TCP-25 to target bacteria and associated PAMP-induced inflammation. In vitro studies determined the polymer prerequisites for such TCP-25-mediated dual action, favoring the use of noncharged hydrophilic hydrogels, which enabled peptide conformational changes and LPS binding. The TCP-25-functionalized hydrogels killed Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria in vitro, as well as in experimental mouse models of subcutaneous infection. The TCP-25 hydrogel also mediated reduction of LPS-induced local inflammatory responses, as demonstrated by analysis of local cytokine production and in vivo bioimaging using nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) reporter mice. In porcine partial thickness wound models, TCP-25 prevented infection with S. aureus and reduced concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines. Proteolytic fragmentation of TCP-25 in vitro yielded a series of bioactive TCP fragments that were identical or similar to those present in wounds in vivo. Together, the results demonstrate the therapeutic potential of TCP-25 hydrogel, a wound treatment based on the body's peptide defense, for prevention of both bacterial infection and the accompanying inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaax6601
JournalScience translational medicine
Volume12
Issue number524
ISSN1946-6234
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

ID: 61845088