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A common variant of the pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPPA) gene encodes a protein with reduced proteolytic activity towards IGF-binding proteins

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Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) is a key regulator of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) bioactivity, by releasing the IGFs from their corresponding IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). The minor allele of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs7020782 (serine < tyrosine), in PAPPA has previously been associated with recurrent pregnancy loss as well as with significant reduced levels of PAPP-A protein in human ovarian follicles. The aim of the present study was to reveal a possible functional effect of the rs7020782 SNP in PAPPA by comparing recombinant PAPP-A proteins from transfected human embryonic kidney 293 T cells. The proteolytic cleavage of IGFBP-4 was shown to be affected by the rs7020782 SNP in PAPPA, showing a significantly reduced cleavage rate for the serine variant compared to the tyrosine variant (p-value < 0.001). The serine variant also showed a trend towards reduced cleavage rates, that was not significant, towards IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-5 compared to the tyrosine variant. No differences were found when analysing cell surface binding, complex formation between PAPP-A and STC2 or proMBP, nor when analysing STC1 inhibition of PAPP-A-mediated IGFBP-4 cleavage. Regulation of IGF bioactivity in reproductive tissues is important and the rs7020782 SNP in PAPPA may disturb this regulation by altering the specific activity of PAPP-A.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)13231
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2019

ID: 59045115