Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

A closer look at RapidArc® radiosurgery plans using very small fields

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{5f6b1547a62449b8a5f5331bb8ca4301,
title = "A closer look at RapidArc{\textregistered} radiosurgery plans using very small fields",
abstract = "RapidArc{\textregistered} has become the treatment of choice for an increasing number of treatment sites in many clinics. The extensive use of multiple subfields in RapidArc{\textregistered} treatments presents unique challenges, especially for small targets treated in few fractions. In this work, very small static fields and subsequently RapidArc{\textregistered} and conventional plans for two targets (0.4 and 9.9 cm(3)) were investigated. Doses from static fields 1-4 MLC leaves (0.25-1.00 cm) wide, and larger fields with 1-4 MLC leaves closed in their centres, were measured using the portal dosimeter-based QA system EPIQA (v 1.3) and gafchromic film. RapidArc and conventional plans for two tumours were then measured using EPIQA, gafchromic EBT2 film and the phantom-based QA system Delta4. Eclipse 8.6 and 8.9, grid spacings of 1.25 and 2.50 mm and a Varian HD linac were used. For static fields one MLC leaf wide, the dose was underestimated by Eclipse by as much as 53% (v 8.6, 2.5 mm grid). Eclipse underestimated the dose downstream from a few MLC leaves closed in the centre of a large MLC field by as much as 30%. Eclipse consistently overestimated the width of the penumbra by about 100%. For the conventional plans, there was good agreement between the calculated and measured dose for the 9.9 cm(3) PTV, but a 10% underdose was observed for the 0.4 cm(3) PTV. For the RapidArc{\textregistered} plans, the measured dose for the 9.9 cm(3) PTV was in good agreement with the calculated one. However, for the 0.4 cm(3) PTV about 10% overdosing was detected (Eclipse v 8.6, 2.5 mm grid spacing). EPIQA data indicated that the measured dose profiles were overmodulated compared to the calculated one. The use of small subfields, typically a few MLC leaves wide, or larger fields with one or a few MLC leaves closed in its centre can result in significant errors in the dose calculation. The detector systems used vary in their ability to detect the discrepancies. Using a smaller grid size and newer version of Eclipse reduces the discrepancies observed in this work but does not eliminate them.",
author = "Fog, {Lotte S} and Rasmussen, {Jens F B} and Marianne Aznar and Flemming Kj{\ae}r-Kristoffersen and Vogelius, {Ivan R} and Engelholm, {Svend Aage} and Bangsgaard, {Jens Peter}",
year = "2011",
month = mar,
day = "21",
doi = "10.1088/0031-9155/56/6/020",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "1853--63",
journal = "Physics in Medicine and Biology",
issn = "0031-9155",
publisher = "Institute of Physics Publishing",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A closer look at RapidArc® radiosurgery plans using very small fields

AU - Fog, Lotte S

AU - Rasmussen, Jens F B

AU - Aznar, Marianne

AU - Kjær-Kristoffersen, Flemming

AU - Vogelius, Ivan R

AU - Engelholm, Svend Aage

AU - Bangsgaard, Jens Peter

PY - 2011/3/21

Y1 - 2011/3/21

N2 - RapidArc® has become the treatment of choice for an increasing number of treatment sites in many clinics. The extensive use of multiple subfields in RapidArc® treatments presents unique challenges, especially for small targets treated in few fractions. In this work, very small static fields and subsequently RapidArc® and conventional plans for two targets (0.4 and 9.9 cm(3)) were investigated. Doses from static fields 1-4 MLC leaves (0.25-1.00 cm) wide, and larger fields with 1-4 MLC leaves closed in their centres, were measured using the portal dosimeter-based QA system EPIQA (v 1.3) and gafchromic film. RapidArc and conventional plans for two tumours were then measured using EPIQA, gafchromic EBT2 film and the phantom-based QA system Delta4. Eclipse 8.6 and 8.9, grid spacings of 1.25 and 2.50 mm and a Varian HD linac were used. For static fields one MLC leaf wide, the dose was underestimated by Eclipse by as much as 53% (v 8.6, 2.5 mm grid). Eclipse underestimated the dose downstream from a few MLC leaves closed in the centre of a large MLC field by as much as 30%. Eclipse consistently overestimated the width of the penumbra by about 100%. For the conventional plans, there was good agreement between the calculated and measured dose for the 9.9 cm(3) PTV, but a 10% underdose was observed for the 0.4 cm(3) PTV. For the RapidArc® plans, the measured dose for the 9.9 cm(3) PTV was in good agreement with the calculated one. However, for the 0.4 cm(3) PTV about 10% overdosing was detected (Eclipse v 8.6, 2.5 mm grid spacing). EPIQA data indicated that the measured dose profiles were overmodulated compared to the calculated one. The use of small subfields, typically a few MLC leaves wide, or larger fields with one or a few MLC leaves closed in its centre can result in significant errors in the dose calculation. The detector systems used vary in their ability to detect the discrepancies. Using a smaller grid size and newer version of Eclipse reduces the discrepancies observed in this work but does not eliminate them.

AB - RapidArc® has become the treatment of choice for an increasing number of treatment sites in many clinics. The extensive use of multiple subfields in RapidArc® treatments presents unique challenges, especially for small targets treated in few fractions. In this work, very small static fields and subsequently RapidArc® and conventional plans for two targets (0.4 and 9.9 cm(3)) were investigated. Doses from static fields 1-4 MLC leaves (0.25-1.00 cm) wide, and larger fields with 1-4 MLC leaves closed in their centres, were measured using the portal dosimeter-based QA system EPIQA (v 1.3) and gafchromic film. RapidArc and conventional plans for two tumours were then measured using EPIQA, gafchromic EBT2 film and the phantom-based QA system Delta4. Eclipse 8.6 and 8.9, grid spacings of 1.25 and 2.50 mm and a Varian HD linac were used. For static fields one MLC leaf wide, the dose was underestimated by Eclipse by as much as 53% (v 8.6, 2.5 mm grid). Eclipse underestimated the dose downstream from a few MLC leaves closed in the centre of a large MLC field by as much as 30%. Eclipse consistently overestimated the width of the penumbra by about 100%. For the conventional plans, there was good agreement between the calculated and measured dose for the 9.9 cm(3) PTV, but a 10% underdose was observed for the 0.4 cm(3) PTV. For the RapidArc® plans, the measured dose for the 9.9 cm(3) PTV was in good agreement with the calculated one. However, for the 0.4 cm(3) PTV about 10% overdosing was detected (Eclipse v 8.6, 2.5 mm grid spacing). EPIQA data indicated that the measured dose profiles were overmodulated compared to the calculated one. The use of small subfields, typically a few MLC leaves wide, or larger fields with one or a few MLC leaves closed in its centre can result in significant errors in the dose calculation. The detector systems used vary in their ability to detect the discrepancies. Using a smaller grid size and newer version of Eclipse reduces the discrepancies observed in this work but does not eliminate them.

U2 - 10.1088/0031-9155/56/6/020

DO - 10.1088/0031-9155/56/6/020

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 21364259

VL - 56

SP - 1853

EP - 1863

JO - Physics in Medicine and Biology

JF - Physics in Medicine and Biology

SN - 0031-9155

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 32306366