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A case report of polymicrobial bacteremia with Weissella confusa and comparison of previous treatment for successful recovery with a review of the literature

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Weissella confusa is a Gram-positive coccus and a commensal bacterium of the human gastrointestinal tract with a potential to cause invasive infections. We report the presence of W. confusa in the blood of a 25-year-old male patient with Crohn's disease, short bowel syndrome treated with home parenteral nutrition, and a history of recurrent bloodstream infections, admitted to our hospital with fever and malaise. A polymicrobial culture of W. confusa and Aeromonas hydrophila was identified from blood, for which treatment with meropenem and metronidazole was initiated. The literature was searched for previous cases of infection with W. confusa . In total, 14 reports describing infection of 28 patients were found, most cases presenting with bacteremia. The previous reports have described variable susceptibility to antibiotics; however, all were reported to be vancomycin resistant. Because of its similarities to other vancomycin-resistant cocci, isolates of W. confusa might be difficult to identify with traditional methods. Infection may be facilitated by its natural vancomycin resistance, leading to severe infection in hosts with underlying diseases. We describe the treatment of previous cases of infection and suggest treatment methods shown effective in other cases. Vancomycin is often used as treatment of infection with Gram-positive organisms, but this may need to be reevaluated, as several pathogenic bacteria are intrinsically vancomycin resistant. A review on reported treatments of bacteremia by W. confusa suggests the use of daptomycin, amoxicillin-clavulanate or piperacillin/tazobactam as recommendable antibiotic regimens.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAccess Microbiology
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)acmi000119
Publication statusPublished - 2020

ID: 62065651