BACKGROUND: 82Rb PET and [15O]H2O PET are both validated tracers for myocardical perfusion imaging but have not previously been compared clinically. During our site's transition from 82Rb to [15O]H2O PET, we performed a head-to-head comparison in a mixed population with suspected ischemic heart disease.

METHODS: A total of 37 patients referred for perfusion imaging due to suspicion of coronary stenosis were examined with both 82Rb and [15O]H2O PET on the same day in rest and during adenosine-induced stress. The exams were rated by two blinded readers as normal, regional ischemia, globally reduced myocardial perfusion, or myocardial scarring. For [15O]H2O PET, regional ischemia was defined as two neighboring segments with average stress perfusion ≤ 2.3 mL/(min·g). Further, we evaluated a total perfusion deficit (TPD) of ≥ 10% as a more conservative marker of ischemia.

RESULTS: [15O]H2O PET identified more patients with regional ischemia: 17(46%) vs 9(24%), agreement: 59% corresponding to a Cohen's kappa of .31 [95%CI .08-.53], (P < .001). Using the more conservative TPD ≥ 10%, the agreement increased to 86% corresponding to a kappa of .62 [95%CI .33-.92], (P = .001). For the subgroup of patients with no known heart disease (n = 18), the agreement was 94%. Interrater agreement was 95% corresponding to a kappa of .89 [95%CI .74-1.00] (P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS: In clinical transition from 82Rb to [15O]H2O PET, it is important to take into account the higher frequency of patients with regional ischemia detected by [15O]H2O PET.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)2790-2802
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Humans
  • Prospective Studies
  • Myocardial Ischemia/diagnostic imaging
  • Positron-Emission Tomography/methods
  • Ischemia
  • Perfusion
  • Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods
  • Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging
  • Coronary Circulation


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