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64Cu-DOTATATE PET in Patients with Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: Prospective, Head-to-Head Comparison of Imaging at 1 Hour and 3 Hours After Injection.

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@article{e752de2b6c314cac951cafd0a234dc5b,
title = "64Cu-DOTATATE PET in Patients with Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: Prospective, Head-to-Head Comparison of Imaging at 1 Hour and 3 Hours After Injection.",
abstract = "64Cu-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging 1 h after injection is excellent for lesion detection in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). We hypothesized that the imaging time window can be extended up to 3 h after injection without significant differences in the number of lesions detected. Methods: From a prospective study, we compared, on a head-to-head basis, sets of 64Cu-DOTATATE PET/CT images from 35 patients with NENs scanned 1 and 3 h after injection of 200 MBq of 64Cu-DOTATATE. The number of lesions on both PET scans was counted and grouped according to organs or regions and compared with negative binomial regression. Discordant lesions (visible on only the 1-h images or only the 3-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET images) were considered true if found on simultaneous CT or later MR, CT, or somatostatin receptor imaging. We measured lesion SUVmax, reference normal-organ or -tissue SUVmean, and tumor-to-normal-tissue ratios calculated from SUVmax and SUVmeanResults: We found 822 concordant lesions (visible on both 1-h and 3-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET) and 5 discordant lesions, of which 4 were considered true. One discordant case in 1 patient involved a discordant organ system (lymph node) detected on 3-h but not 1-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET that did not alter the patient's disease stage (stage IV) because the patient had 11 additional concordant liver lesions. We found no significant differences between the number of lesions detected on 1-h and 3-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET. Throughout the 1- to 3-h imaging window, the mean tumor-to-normal-tissue ratio remained high in all key organs: liver (1 h: 12.6 [95% confidence interval (CI), 10.2-14.9]; 3 h: 11.0 [95%CI, 8.7-13.4]), intestines (1 h: 24.2 [95%CI, 14.9-33.4]; 3 h: 28.2 [95%CI, 16.5-40.0]), pancreas (1 h: 42.4 [95%CI, 12.3-72.5]; 3 h: 41.1 [95%CI, 8.7-73.4]), and bone (1 h: 103.0 [95%CI, 38.6-167.4]; 3 h: 124.2 [95%CI, 57.1-191.2]). Conclusion: The imaging time window of 64Cu-DOTATATE PET/CT for patients with NENs can be expanded from 1 h to 1-3 h without significant differences in the number of lesions detected.",
keywords = "64Cu-DOTATATE, neuroendocrine neoplasms, PET/CT, somatostatin receptor imaging, SUV",
author = "Mathias Loft and Carlsen, {Esben Andreas} and Johnbeck, {Camilla Bardram} and Johannesen, {Helle Hjorth} and Tina Binderup and Andreas Pfeifer and Jann Mortensen and Peter Oturai and Annika Loft and Berthelsen, {Anne Kiil} and Langer, {Seppo Wang} and Ulrich Knigge and Andreas Kjaer",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.",
year = "2021",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.2967/jnumed.120.244509",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "73--80",
journal = "Journal of Nuclear Medicine",
issn = "0161-5505",
publisher = "Society of Nuclear Medicine",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - 64Cu-DOTATATE PET in Patients with Neuroendocrine Neoplasms

T2 - Prospective, Head-to-Head Comparison of Imaging at 1 Hour and 3 Hours After Injection.

AU - Loft, Mathias

AU - Carlsen, Esben Andreas

AU - Johnbeck, Camilla Bardram

AU - Johannesen, Helle Hjorth

AU - Binderup, Tina

AU - Pfeifer, Andreas

AU - Mortensen, Jann

AU - Oturai, Peter

AU - Loft, Annika

AU - Berthelsen, Anne Kiil

AU - Langer, Seppo Wang

AU - Knigge, Ulrich

AU - Kjaer, Andreas

N1 - © 2021 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

PY - 2021/1/1

Y1 - 2021/1/1

N2 - 64Cu-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging 1 h after injection is excellent for lesion detection in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). We hypothesized that the imaging time window can be extended up to 3 h after injection without significant differences in the number of lesions detected. Methods: From a prospective study, we compared, on a head-to-head basis, sets of 64Cu-DOTATATE PET/CT images from 35 patients with NENs scanned 1 and 3 h after injection of 200 MBq of 64Cu-DOTATATE. The number of lesions on both PET scans was counted and grouped according to organs or regions and compared with negative binomial regression. Discordant lesions (visible on only the 1-h images or only the 3-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET images) were considered true if found on simultaneous CT or later MR, CT, or somatostatin receptor imaging. We measured lesion SUVmax, reference normal-organ or -tissue SUVmean, and tumor-to-normal-tissue ratios calculated from SUVmax and SUVmeanResults: We found 822 concordant lesions (visible on both 1-h and 3-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET) and 5 discordant lesions, of which 4 were considered true. One discordant case in 1 patient involved a discordant organ system (lymph node) detected on 3-h but not 1-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET that did not alter the patient's disease stage (stage IV) because the patient had 11 additional concordant liver lesions. We found no significant differences between the number of lesions detected on 1-h and 3-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET. Throughout the 1- to 3-h imaging window, the mean tumor-to-normal-tissue ratio remained high in all key organs: liver (1 h: 12.6 [95% confidence interval (CI), 10.2-14.9]; 3 h: 11.0 [95%CI, 8.7-13.4]), intestines (1 h: 24.2 [95%CI, 14.9-33.4]; 3 h: 28.2 [95%CI, 16.5-40.0]), pancreas (1 h: 42.4 [95%CI, 12.3-72.5]; 3 h: 41.1 [95%CI, 8.7-73.4]), and bone (1 h: 103.0 [95%CI, 38.6-167.4]; 3 h: 124.2 [95%CI, 57.1-191.2]). Conclusion: The imaging time window of 64Cu-DOTATATE PET/CT for patients with NENs can be expanded from 1 h to 1-3 h without significant differences in the number of lesions detected.

AB - 64Cu-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging 1 h after injection is excellent for lesion detection in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). We hypothesized that the imaging time window can be extended up to 3 h after injection without significant differences in the number of lesions detected. Methods: From a prospective study, we compared, on a head-to-head basis, sets of 64Cu-DOTATATE PET/CT images from 35 patients with NENs scanned 1 and 3 h after injection of 200 MBq of 64Cu-DOTATATE. The number of lesions on both PET scans was counted and grouped according to organs or regions and compared with negative binomial regression. Discordant lesions (visible on only the 1-h images or only the 3-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET images) were considered true if found on simultaneous CT or later MR, CT, or somatostatin receptor imaging. We measured lesion SUVmax, reference normal-organ or -tissue SUVmean, and tumor-to-normal-tissue ratios calculated from SUVmax and SUVmeanResults: We found 822 concordant lesions (visible on both 1-h and 3-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET) and 5 discordant lesions, of which 4 were considered true. One discordant case in 1 patient involved a discordant organ system (lymph node) detected on 3-h but not 1-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET that did not alter the patient's disease stage (stage IV) because the patient had 11 additional concordant liver lesions. We found no significant differences between the number of lesions detected on 1-h and 3-h 64Cu-DOTATATE PET. Throughout the 1- to 3-h imaging window, the mean tumor-to-normal-tissue ratio remained high in all key organs: liver (1 h: 12.6 [95% confidence interval (CI), 10.2-14.9]; 3 h: 11.0 [95%CI, 8.7-13.4]), intestines (1 h: 24.2 [95%CI, 14.9-33.4]; 3 h: 28.2 [95%CI, 16.5-40.0]), pancreas (1 h: 42.4 [95%CI, 12.3-72.5]; 3 h: 41.1 [95%CI, 8.7-73.4]), and bone (1 h: 103.0 [95%CI, 38.6-167.4]; 3 h: 124.2 [95%CI, 57.1-191.2]). Conclusion: The imaging time window of 64Cu-DOTATATE PET/CT for patients with NENs can be expanded from 1 h to 1-3 h without significant differences in the number of lesions detected.

KW - 64Cu-DOTATATE

KW - neuroendocrine neoplasms

KW - PET/CT

KW - somatostatin receptor imaging

KW - SUV

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85098742258&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2967/jnumed.120.244509

DO - 10.2967/jnumed.120.244509

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32444370

VL - 62

SP - 73

EP - 80

JO - Journal of Nuclear Medicine

JF - Journal of Nuclear Medicine

SN - 0161-5505

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 60076657