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18F-FDG PET/CT Findings in Cytomegalovirus Colitis

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We present a case demonstrating the diagnostic work-up of a patient undergoing azathioprine treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), diagnosed with an acute cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and CMV colitis. An 18F-FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) performed 2 weeks after debut of symptoms revealed pathological 18F-FDG uptake in the left side of the colon mucosa, mimicked activity of IBD. However, a diagnosis of CMV colitis was based on the presence of CMV IgM antibodies, a seroconversion of CMV IgG antibodies, presence of CMV DNA in plasma and the finding af CMV DNA in biopsies from the intestinal mucosa. The patient responded to treatment with ganciclovir. This case highlights that a positive 18F-FDG PET/CT scan of the colon can be due to CMV colitis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDiagnostics
Volume9
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)3
ISSN2075-4418
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

ID: 56054465