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11C-Choline PET/CT vs. 99mTc-MIBI/123Iodide Subtraction SPECT/CT for Preoperative Detection of Abnormal Parathyroid Glands in Primary Hyperparathyroidism: A Prospective, Single-Centre Clinical Trial in 60 Patients

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BACKGROUND: In patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) locating hyperfunctioning glands (HPGs) is crucial when planning minimally invasive surgery. Dual-isotope subtraction scintigraphy with 99mTc-MIBI/123Iodide using SPECT/CT and planar pinhole imaging (Method A) has previously shown a sensitivity >93%. However, the method is costly and time consuming and entails a high radiation dose. 11C-Choline PET/CT (Method B) is an appealing candidate method unencumbered by these disadvantages.

METHODS: Sixty patients with newly diagnosed PHPT participated and were scanned using both methods prior to parathyroidectomy. We investigated whether sensitivities of Method A and Method B are similar in a method-to-method comparison when using surgical findings as the true location.

RESULTS: At the patient level, sensitivities were (A) 0.98 (95% CI: 0.90-1.00) and (B) 1.00 (95% CI: 0.93-1.00). At the gland level, sensitivities were (A) 0.88 (95% CI: 0.78-0.94) and (B) 0.87 (95% CI: 0.76-0.92). With a non-inferiority margin of ∆ = -0.1, we found a 1-sided p-value < 0.001.

CONCLUSION: Our methods comparison study found that sensitivity of Method B was not inferior to Method A. We suggest that 11C-Choline PET/CT is a clinically relevant first-choice candidate for preoperative imaging of PHPT and that Method B can likely replace Method A in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDiagnostics
Volume10
Issue number11
ISSN2075-4418
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2020

    Research areas

  • prospective cohort, primary hyperparathyroidism, method comparison, Choline PET, MIBI-subtraction SPECT, non-inferiority, clinical trial

ID: 61880553