BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: No previous studies have investigated the use of day-case arthroplasty in Denmark on a national scale. We investigated the frequency of day-case surgery in total hip (THA), total knee (TKA), and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) from 2010 to 2020 in Denmark.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Primary unilateral THAs, TKAs, and UKAs performed for osteoarthritis were identified in the Danish National Patient Register using procedural and diagnosis codes. Day-case surgery was defined as discharge on the day of surgery. 90-day readmissions were defined as any overnight admissions following discharge.
RESULTS: From 2010 to 2020 Danish surgical centers performed 86,070 THAs, 70,323 TKAs, and 10,440 UKAs. From 2010 to 2014, less than 0.5% of THAs and TKAs were day-case procedures. They increased to 5.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 4.9-5.8) of THAs and 2.8% (CI 2.4-3.2) of TKAs in 2019. From 2010 to 2014, 11% of UKAs were day-case procedures, but they increased to 20% (CI 18-22) in 2019. This increase was driven by a few surgical centers (3-7 centers). In 2010, readmission rates within 90 days of surgery were 10% after THAs and 11% after TKAs, and 9.4% for both THAs and TKAs in 2019. Readmission rates after UKA fluctuated between 4% and 7%.
CONCLUSION: From 2010 to 2020 the use of day-case surgery in THA, TKA, and UKA increased in Denmark, driven by only a few centers. During the same period readmissions did not increase.