Wounds in chronic leg oedema

Ewa Anna Burian, Tonny Karlsmark, Susan Nørregaard, Klaus Kirketerp-Møller, Robert Scott Kirsner, Peter John Franks, Isabelle Quéré, Christine Joy Moffatt


Wounds and chronic oedema are common disorders, but rarely studied together. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the point-prevalence and risk factors of wounds on the leg, in chronic leg oedema. Forty sites in nine countries were included. Of 7077 patients with chronic leg oedema, 12.70% had wounds. Independent risk factors were: peripheral arterial disease (odds ratio (OR) 4.87, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 3.63-6.52), cellulitis within the past 12 months (OR 2.69, 95% CI 2.25-3.21), secondary lymphoedema (OR 2.64, 95% CI 1.93-3.60), being male (OR 2.08, 95% CI 1.78-2.44), being over 85 years of age (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.23-2.62), underweight (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.14-2.79), bed bound (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.01-3.16), chair bound (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.18-1.97), diabetes (OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.23-1.77), and walking with aid (OR 1·41, 95% CI 1.17-1.69). 43.22% of those with wounds had clinically defined well-controlled oedema, associated with a significantly lower risk of wounds (OR 0.50, 95% CI 0.42-0.58, P < .001). Hard/fibrotic tissue (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.19-2.48), and a positive Stemmers sign (OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.05-2.35) were associated with wounds. The study reinforces the importance of measures to control oedema, as controlled swelling was associated with a 50% lower risk of wounds.

TidsskriftInternational Wound Journal
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)411-425
Antal sider15
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2022


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