Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Work-unit measures of psychosocial job stressors and onset of bullying: a 2-year follow-up study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{8389cdb9f37a48c899927a585046717b,
title = "Work-unit measures of psychosocial job stressors and onset of bullying: a 2-year follow-up study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have examined the health consequences of workplace bullying, but little is known about workplace antecedents of workplace bullying. This study examines whether high psychological demands, low levels of justice at work, and low decision latitude increase the occurrence of being bullied or witnessing bullying.METHODS: In 2007, 4489 Danish public employees answered a questionnaire with follow-ups in 2009 (72%) and 2011 (73% of 2009 respondents). We examined the longitudinal association between exposure to job stressors in 2007 and 2009 and bullying in 2009 and 2011, respectively, on an individual and work-unit level. For each working condition (psychological demands, decision latitude, procedural and relational justice), we calculated a mean value. Odds ratios were calculated by logistic regression.RESULTS: Low levels of individual-level relational justice, compared to high levels, were associated with a higher risk of both witnessing episodes of bullying (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.11-2.48) and perceiving oneself as a target of bullying (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.17-4.16). Low levels of work-unit level relational justice were associated with a higher risk of witnessing bullying (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.04-2.30) but not perceiving oneself as a target of bullying. The other workplace characteristics exhibited no or less consistent associations across the different analytical approaches.CONCLUSION: Low levels of relational justice prospectively predicted the occurrence of workplace bullying within a 2-year period for three out of four methodological approaches, suggesting that relational justice plays a role in the prevention of workplace bullying.",
keywords = "Decision latitude, Procedural justice, Psychological demands, Relational justice, Witness bullying, Work environment",
author = "Rudkjoebing, {Laura A} and Hansen, {{\AA}se Marie} and Reiner Rugulies and Henrik Kolstad and Bonde, {Jens Peter}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.",
year = "2022",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1007/s00420-021-01777-w",
language = "English",
volume = "95",
pages = "117--130",
journal = "Internationales Archiv für Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene",
issn = "0340-0131",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Work-unit measures of psychosocial job stressors and onset of bullying

T2 - a 2-year follow-up study

AU - Rudkjoebing, Laura A

AU - Hansen, Åse Marie

AU - Rugulies, Reiner

AU - Kolstad, Henrik

AU - Bonde, Jens Peter

N1 - © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

PY - 2022/1

Y1 - 2022/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have examined the health consequences of workplace bullying, but little is known about workplace antecedents of workplace bullying. This study examines whether high psychological demands, low levels of justice at work, and low decision latitude increase the occurrence of being bullied or witnessing bullying.METHODS: In 2007, 4489 Danish public employees answered a questionnaire with follow-ups in 2009 (72%) and 2011 (73% of 2009 respondents). We examined the longitudinal association between exposure to job stressors in 2007 and 2009 and bullying in 2009 and 2011, respectively, on an individual and work-unit level. For each working condition (psychological demands, decision latitude, procedural and relational justice), we calculated a mean value. Odds ratios were calculated by logistic regression.RESULTS: Low levels of individual-level relational justice, compared to high levels, were associated with a higher risk of both witnessing episodes of bullying (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.11-2.48) and perceiving oneself as a target of bullying (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.17-4.16). Low levels of work-unit level relational justice were associated with a higher risk of witnessing bullying (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.04-2.30) but not perceiving oneself as a target of bullying. The other workplace characteristics exhibited no or less consistent associations across the different analytical approaches.CONCLUSION: Low levels of relational justice prospectively predicted the occurrence of workplace bullying within a 2-year period for three out of four methodological approaches, suggesting that relational justice plays a role in the prevention of workplace bullying.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have examined the health consequences of workplace bullying, but little is known about workplace antecedents of workplace bullying. This study examines whether high psychological demands, low levels of justice at work, and low decision latitude increase the occurrence of being bullied or witnessing bullying.METHODS: In 2007, 4489 Danish public employees answered a questionnaire with follow-ups in 2009 (72%) and 2011 (73% of 2009 respondents). We examined the longitudinal association between exposure to job stressors in 2007 and 2009 and bullying in 2009 and 2011, respectively, on an individual and work-unit level. For each working condition (psychological demands, decision latitude, procedural and relational justice), we calculated a mean value. Odds ratios were calculated by logistic regression.RESULTS: Low levels of individual-level relational justice, compared to high levels, were associated with a higher risk of both witnessing episodes of bullying (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.11-2.48) and perceiving oneself as a target of bullying (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.17-4.16). Low levels of work-unit level relational justice were associated with a higher risk of witnessing bullying (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.04-2.30) but not perceiving oneself as a target of bullying. The other workplace characteristics exhibited no or less consistent associations across the different analytical approaches.CONCLUSION: Low levels of relational justice prospectively predicted the occurrence of workplace bullying within a 2-year period for three out of four methodological approaches, suggesting that relational justice plays a role in the prevention of workplace bullying.

KW - Decision latitude

KW - Procedural justice

KW - Psychological demands

KW - Relational justice

KW - Witness bullying

KW - Work environment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85116936499&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00420-021-01777-w

DO - 10.1007/s00420-021-01777-w

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34636977

VL - 95

SP - 117

EP - 130

JO - Internationales Archiv für Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene

JF - Internationales Archiv für Gewerbepathologie und Gewerbehygiene

SN - 0340-0131

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 68413524