Workforce attachment after a congenital long QT syndrome diagnosis: a Danish nationwide study

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine workforce attachment among patients with congenital long QT syndrome (cLQTS) following diagnosis and identify factors associated with workforce attachment.

METHODS AND RESULTS: In this nationwide cohort study, all patients diagnosed with cLQTS in Denmark between 1996 and 2016 aged 18-60 years at diagnosis were identified using nationwide registries. Patients attached to the workforce at diagnosis were included. Attachment to the workforce 1 year after cLQTS diagnosis was examined and compared with a background population matched 1:4 on age, sex and employment status. Multiple logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with 1-year workforce detachment among patients with cLQTS. 298 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Six months after cLQTS diagnosis, 90.9% of patients with cLQTS were attached to the workforce compared with 95.0% in the background population (p=0.006 for difference). One year after diagnosis, 93.3% of patients with cLQTS were attached to the workforce compared with 93.8% in the background population (p=0.26). Among patients with cLQTS, a severe cLQTS disease manifestation was associated with workforce detachment 1 year after diagnosis (compared with asymptomatic patients; aborted cardiac arrest OR 20.4 (95% CI, 1.7 to 249.9); ventricular tachycardia/syncope OR 10.9 (95% CI, 1.1 to 110.5)). No other associated factors were identified.

CONCLUSIONS: More than 90% of patients with cLQTS remained attached to the workforce 1 year after diagnosis, which was similar to a matched background population. Patients with a severe cLQTS disease manifestation were less likely to be attached to the workforce 1 year after diagnosis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere002056
TidsskriftOpen Heart
Vol/bind9
Udgave nummer2
ISSN2053-3624
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2022

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