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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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Welfare consequences for people with epilepsy and their partners: A matched nationwide study in Denmark

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the excess direct and indirect costs associated with epilepsy.

METHODS: From the Danish National Patient Registry (1998-2013), we identified people within all ages with an epilepsy diagnosis and matched them to control individuals. Additionally, partners of people with epilepsy were identified, who were compared with control partners. Direct costs included frequencies and costs of hospitalizations and weighted outpatient use according to diagnosis-related group, and specific outpatient costs based on data from the Danish Ministry of Health. The use and costs of drugs were based on data from the Danish Medicines Agency. The frequencies of visits and hospitalizations, and costs from general practice were derived from data from the National Health Security. Indirect costs included labor supply-based income data, and all social transfer payments obtained from Coherent Social Statistics.

RESULTS: A greater percentage of people with epilepsy and their partners compared with respective control subjects received social services (sick pay or disability pension). Those with epilepsy had a lower employment rate than did controls for equivalent periods up to eight years before the diagnosis was made. Mortality was significantly higher in people with epilepsy than in control individuals (hazard ratio 2.38 (95% CI: 2.34, 2.41). The additional direct and indirect annual costs of epilepsy compared with controls were €11,223 for persons with epilepsy and €2,494 for their partners.

CONCLUSION: Epilepsy has major socioeconomic consequences for individual patients, their partners and society.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSeizure
Vol/bind49
Sider (fra-til)17-24
Antal sider8
ISSN1059-1311
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

ID: 52426078