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Viral and Genomic Drivers of Squamous Cell Neoplasms Arising in the Lacrimal Drainage System

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@article{824ba32672e94c5799bac12331950e2f,
title = "Viral and Genomic Drivers of Squamous Cell Neoplasms Arising in the Lacrimal Drainage System",
abstract = "The pathogenesis of squamous cell neoplasms arising in the lacrimal drainage system is poorly understood, and the underlying genomic drivers for disease development remain unexplored. We aimed to investigate the genomic aberrations in carcinomas arising in the LDS and correlate the findings to human papillomavirus (HPV) status. The HPV analysis was performed using HPV DNA PCR, HPV E6/E7 mRNA in-situ hybridization, and p16 immunohistochemistry. The genomic characterization was performed by targeted DNA sequencing of 523 cancer-relevant genes. Patients with LDS papilloma (n = 17) and LDS carcinoma (n = 15) were included. There was a male predominance (68%) and a median age at diagnosis of 46.0 years (range 27.5-65.5 years) in patients with papilloma and 63.8 years (range 34.0-87.2 years) in patients with carcinoma. Transcriptional activity of the HPV E6/E7 oncogenes was detected in the whole tumor thickness in 12/15 (80%) papillomas (HPV6, 11, 16) and 10/15 (67%) squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) (HPV11: 3/15 (20%) and HPV16: 7/15 (47%)). Pathogenic variants in PIK3CA, FGFR3, AKT1, and PIK3R1, wildtype TP53, p16 overexpression, and deregulated high-risk E6/E7 transcription characterized the HPV16-positive SCC. The deregulated pattern of HPV E6/E7 expression, correlating with HPV DNA presence and p16 positivity, supports a causal role of HPV in a subset of LDS papillomas and carcinomas. The viral and molecular profile of LDS SCC resembles that of other HPV-driven SCC.",
keywords = "lacrimal drainage system, human papillomavirus, squamous cell carcinoma, papilloma",
author = "Ingvild Ramberg and Vieira, {Filipe Garrett} and Toft, {Peter Bjerre} and {von Buchwald}, Christian and Steffen Heegaard",
year = "2022",
month = may,
day = "23",
doi = "10.3390/cancers14102558",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "2558",
journal = "Cancers",
issn = "2072-6694",
publisher = "M D P I AG",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Viral and Genomic Drivers of Squamous Cell Neoplasms Arising in the Lacrimal Drainage System

AU - Ramberg, Ingvild

AU - Vieira, Filipe Garrett

AU - Toft, Peter Bjerre

AU - von Buchwald, Christian

AU - Heegaard, Steffen

PY - 2022/5/23

Y1 - 2022/5/23

N2 - The pathogenesis of squamous cell neoplasms arising in the lacrimal drainage system is poorly understood, and the underlying genomic drivers for disease development remain unexplored. We aimed to investigate the genomic aberrations in carcinomas arising in the LDS and correlate the findings to human papillomavirus (HPV) status. The HPV analysis was performed using HPV DNA PCR, HPV E6/E7 mRNA in-situ hybridization, and p16 immunohistochemistry. The genomic characterization was performed by targeted DNA sequencing of 523 cancer-relevant genes. Patients with LDS papilloma (n = 17) and LDS carcinoma (n = 15) were included. There was a male predominance (68%) and a median age at diagnosis of 46.0 years (range 27.5-65.5 years) in patients with papilloma and 63.8 years (range 34.0-87.2 years) in patients with carcinoma. Transcriptional activity of the HPV E6/E7 oncogenes was detected in the whole tumor thickness in 12/15 (80%) papillomas (HPV6, 11, 16) and 10/15 (67%) squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) (HPV11: 3/15 (20%) and HPV16: 7/15 (47%)). Pathogenic variants in PIK3CA, FGFR3, AKT1, and PIK3R1, wildtype TP53, p16 overexpression, and deregulated high-risk E6/E7 transcription characterized the HPV16-positive SCC. The deregulated pattern of HPV E6/E7 expression, correlating with HPV DNA presence and p16 positivity, supports a causal role of HPV in a subset of LDS papillomas and carcinomas. The viral and molecular profile of LDS SCC resembles that of other HPV-driven SCC.

AB - The pathogenesis of squamous cell neoplasms arising in the lacrimal drainage system is poorly understood, and the underlying genomic drivers for disease development remain unexplored. We aimed to investigate the genomic aberrations in carcinomas arising in the LDS and correlate the findings to human papillomavirus (HPV) status. The HPV analysis was performed using HPV DNA PCR, HPV E6/E7 mRNA in-situ hybridization, and p16 immunohistochemistry. The genomic characterization was performed by targeted DNA sequencing of 523 cancer-relevant genes. Patients with LDS papilloma (n = 17) and LDS carcinoma (n = 15) were included. There was a male predominance (68%) and a median age at diagnosis of 46.0 years (range 27.5-65.5 years) in patients with papilloma and 63.8 years (range 34.0-87.2 years) in patients with carcinoma. Transcriptional activity of the HPV E6/E7 oncogenes was detected in the whole tumor thickness in 12/15 (80%) papillomas (HPV6, 11, 16) and 10/15 (67%) squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) (HPV11: 3/15 (20%) and HPV16: 7/15 (47%)). Pathogenic variants in PIK3CA, FGFR3, AKT1, and PIK3R1, wildtype TP53, p16 overexpression, and deregulated high-risk E6/E7 transcription characterized the HPV16-positive SCC. The deregulated pattern of HPV E6/E7 expression, correlating with HPV DNA presence and p16 positivity, supports a causal role of HPV in a subset of LDS papillomas and carcinomas. The viral and molecular profile of LDS SCC resembles that of other HPV-driven SCC.

KW - lacrimal drainage system

KW - human papillomavirus

KW - squamous cell carcinoma

KW - papilloma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85130372227&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/cancers14102558

DO - 10.3390/cancers14102558

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35626161

VL - 14

SP - 2558

JO - Cancers

JF - Cancers

SN - 2072-6694

IS - 10

M1 - 2558

ER -

ID: 78307664