Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in magnocellular neurons of the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system of the mink (Mustela vision) is co-localized with vasopressin or oxytocin

P J Larsen, J D Mikkelsen

Abstract

The distribution of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) was analysed in perikarya of the mink hypothalamus with immunohistochemistry and, surprisingly, a large population of magnocellular VIP-immunoreactive neurons was present in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei as well as in accessory hypothalamic nuclei. From perikarya in the paraventricular as well as supraoptic nuclei, a large number of VIP immunoreactive nerve fibers was observed to enter the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial tract. Within the median eminence, a high density of VIP-immunoreactive nerve fibers was present in the external and internal zones. Fibers in the external zone of the median eminence were endowed with varicosities and perivascular terminals, while fibers in the internal zone were smooth and without terminal specializations. From the internal zone of the median eminence, fibers coursed via the infundibular stalk to terminate in perivascularly situated terminals in the neurohypophysis. In addition, a substantial number of small VIP-immunoreactive perikarya was observed within the suprachiasmatic nucleus. These perikarya were immunoreactive to neither vasopressin nor neurophysin. To elucidate the co-existence of VIP-immunoreactivity with vasopressin, oxytocin or neurophysin, a sequential double immunoperoxidase procedure to localize antigens with diaminobenzidine and benzidine dihydrochloride as chromagens was performed. From these experiments it was evident that VIP in nearly all magnocellular hypothalamo-neurohypophysial neurons co-existed with neurophysin. Based on a semi-quantitative estimate, half the VIP-immunoreactive magnocellular perikarya co-stored vasopressin, while another half co-stored oxytoxin. The present study describes the presence of a large population of VIP-containing neurons in the hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system of the mink. These findings raise evidence that within the mink, VIP may be involved in neurohypophysial physiology.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Journal of comparative neurology
Vol/bind326
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)180-92
Antal sider13
ISSN0021-9967
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 8 dec. 1992
Udgivet eksterntJa

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