Vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA expression and arteriovenous balance in response to prolonged, submaximal exercise in humans

N Hiscock, C P Fischer, H Pilegaard, B K Pedersen

Abstract

Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels from existing ones, occurs in the skeletal muscle as an adaptive response to exercise that satisfies the increased requirement of this tissue for oxygen delivery and metabolic processes. Of the factors that have been identified to regulate this process, the endothelial cell mitogen vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been proposed to play a key role. The aim of this study was to measure the skeletal muscle VEGF mRNA content and arteriovenous protein balance across the working leg in response to a single bout of prolonged, submaximal exercise. Seven physically active males completed 3 h of two-legged kicking ergometry. Muscle biopsies were collected from the vastus lateralis muscle from both working legs, and blood samples were collected from one femoral artery and femoral vein before, during, and in recovery from exercise. We show that the exercise stimulus elicited a decrease in VEGF protein arteriovenous balance across the exercising leg (P = 0.007), and a ninefold elevation in skeletal muscle VEGF mRNA expression (P < 0.001). The changes in VEGF protein balance and mRNA content were most pronounced 1 h after the cessation of exercise. In conclusion, these findings demonstrate that submaximal exercise, suitable for humans with low CV fitness, induces a decrease in VEGF arteriovenous balance that is likely to be of clinical significance in promoting angiogenic effects.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Vol/bind285
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)H1759-63
ISSN0363-6135
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2003
Udgivet eksterntJa

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