Validation of the Early Functional Abilities scale: An assessment of four dimensions in early recovery after traumatic brain injury

Ingrid Poulsen, Svend Kreiner, Aase W Engberg

    14 Citationer (Scopus)

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: The Early Functional Abilities scale assesses the restoration of brain function after brain injury, based on 4 dimensions. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the validity, objectivity, reliability and measurement precision of the Early Functional Abilities scale by Rasch model item analysis. A secondary objective was to examine the relationship between the Early Functional Abilities scale and the Functional Independence Measurement™, in order to establish the criterion validity of the Early Functional Abilities scale and to compare the sensitivity of measurements using the 2 instruments.

    METHODS: The Rasch analysis was based on the assessment of 408 adult patients at admission to sub-acute rehabilitation in Copenhagen, Denmark after traumatic brain injury.

    RESULTS: The Early Functional Abilities scale provides valid and objective measurement of vegetative (autonomic), facio-oral, sensorimotor and communicative/cognitive functions. Removal of one item from the sensorimotor scale confirmed unidimensionality for each of the 4 subscales, but not for the entire scale. The Early Functional Abilities subscales are sensitive to differences between patients in ranges in which the Functional Independence Measurement™ has a floor effect.

    CONCLUSION: The Early Functional Abilities scale assesses the early recovery of important aspects of brain function after traumatic brain injury, but is not unidimensional. We recommend removal of the "standing" item and calculation of summary subscales for the separate dimensions.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
    Vol/bind50
    Udgave nummer2
    Sider (fra-til)165-172
    ISSN1650-1977
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2018

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