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Validation of 99mTechnetium labelled mebrofenin hepatic extraction method to quantify meal induced splanchnic blood flow responses using a porcine model

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Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate the measurement of the total splanchnic blood flow (SBF) using a clinical diagnostic method based on Fick's principle and hepatic extraction of 99mTc-mebrofenin (99mTc-MBF) compared with a paraaminohippuric acid (pAH) dilution method in a porcine model. Another aim was to investigate whether enterohepatic cycling of 99mTc-MBF affected the SBF measurement. Five indwelling catheters were placed in each pig (n = 15) in the portal, mesenteric, and hepatic veins, as well as in the aorta and the vena cava. The SBF was measured using both methods. The portal blood flow; the intestinal and hepatic oxygen uptake; the net fluxes of oxygen, lactate, and glucose; and the extraction fraction (EF) of 99mTc-MBF were measured before and for 70 min after feeding. The mean baseline SBF was 2,961 ml/min vs. 2,762 ml/min measured by pAH and 99mTc-MBF, respectively, and increased significantly to 3,977 ml/min and 3,981 ml/min postprandially. The hepatic EF of 99mTc-MBF decreased from 40% at the start of the investigation to 16% 70 min after feeding. The arterial-portal difference in 99mTc-MBF concentration was 0.21% (P = 0.48), indicating no intestinal extraction or metabolism. The clinical method for measuring the SBF based on hepatic 99mTc-MBF extraction is robust compared with the indicator dilution method, despite the decrease seen in hepatic extraction of 99mTc-MBF. Because there was no difference in the content of 99mTc-MBF between the arterial and portal vein plasma, the SBF can be calculated from an arterial and a hepatic vein sample.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Applied Physiology
Vol/bind112
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)877-882
Antal sider6
ISSN8750-7587
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

ID: 33248318