Vaccination against PD-L1 with IO103 a Novel Immune Modulatory Vaccine in Basal Cell Carcinoma: A phase iia study

Nicolai Grønne Jørgensen*, Jeanette Kaae, Jacob Handlos Grauslund, Özcan Met, Signe Ledou Nielsen, Ayako Wakatsuki Pedersen, Inge Marie Svane, Eva Ehrnrooth, Mads Hald Andersen, Claus Zachariae, Lone Skov

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
9 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Antitumor activity of immune checkpoint blocking antibodies against programmed death 1 (PD-1) in basal cell carcinoma (BCC) has been described. IO103 is a peptide vaccine against the major PD-1 ligand PD-L1. A phase IIa study of vaccination with IO103 and Montanide adjuvant was conducted in patients with resectable BCC (NCT03714529). Vaccinations were given six times every 2 weeks (q2w), followed by three vaccines q4w in responders. Primary endpoints were clinical responses of target tumors, change in target tumor size and immune responses to the vaccine. Secondary endpoint was safety. One tumor per patient was designated target tumor and biopsied twice during the course of vaccination. Synchronous non-target BCCs were not biopsied during vaccinations. Ten patients were vaccinated (six patients received six vaccinations and four patients received nine vaccinations). A partial response (PR) was seen in two target tumors. Two complete responses (CR) and one PR were observed in eight non-target tumors in four patients. No tumors progressed. Related adverse events were grade 1 and reversible. Immune responses against IO103 were induced in blood samples from nine of ten and skin-infiltrating lymphocytes from five of the nine patients. The regressions seen in non-target tumors suggest that IO103 may be effective against a subtype of BCC.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer911
TidsskriftCancers
Vol/bind13
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1-15
Antal sider15
ISSN2072-6694
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 22 feb. 2021

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